Leviticus
1-2 Offerings of Aaron and His Sons 3-4 Offerings of the people 5-6 To the Front of the Tent of Meeting 7-21 Aaron and His Sons Offer the Offerings 22 Aaron Blesses the People 23 Blessing and Glory 24 The LORD Accepts the Offering
Offerings of Aaron and His Sons

1Now it came about on the eighth day that Moses called Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel; 2and he said to Aaron, “Take for yourself a calf, a bull, for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering, [both] without defect, and offer [them] before the LORD.

The ordination lasted seven days (Lev 8:3333You shall not go outside the doorway of the tent of meeting for seven days, until the day that the period of your ordination is fulfilled; for he will ordain you through seven days.). Then there comes an “eighth day”. The eighth day speaks of a new beginning. Something starts that has never been before. After the ordination Aaron and his sons will bring their first offerings. It is a day that will never be repeated in its meaning. You can only do something for the first time once.

Our ordination lasts our entire life, but there is again and again an eighth day. Our priesthood can always be new. With this eighth day is connected the appearance of the lordly body of the LORD (verses 4,6,234and an ox and a ram for peace offerings, to sacrifice before the LORD, and a grain offering mixed with oil; for today the LORD will appear to you.’”6Moses said, “This is the thing which the LORD has commanded you to do, that the glory of the LORD may appear to you.”23Moses and Aaron went into the tent of meeting. When they came out and blessed the people, the glory of the LORD appeared to all the people.). We are going to see more and more of the glory of the Lord Jesus. If He then actually appears, only then our priestly service will take place in a completely new way.

Aaron’s service is in the foreground in this chapter. Moses addresses him. Aaron is the one who brings the offerings. His sons, who are a picture of the church that has insight into the service of the true Aaron, disappear into the background. They will give him the blood every time. The sons of Aaron in a spiritual sense are those who have received a special impression of the meaning and value of the blood of the true offering, the Lord Jesus, by occupying themselves with it. Blood is the foundation of all true priestly service.


Offerings of the people

3Then to the sons of Israel you shall speak, saying, ‘Take a male goat for a sin offering, and a calf and a lamb, both one year old, without defect, for a burnt offering, 4and an ox and a ram for peace offerings, to sacrifice before the LORD, and a grain offering mixed with oil; for today the LORD will appear to you.’”

On the eighth day, it is also expected of “the sons of Israel” to bring offerings. Always the offering of Christ remains the foundation. We can base our whole lives on this and also all eternity. Everything has value to God only if it is connected with His Son and the offering He has made. Forever we will remember Him as the One to Whom we owe that we may be in glory. In the different offerings we see how we will think of Him.

He has removed all obstacles by becoming the “sin offering” for us. Forever we will remember Him as the One Who is glorified by God and by Whom God could perform all His intentions by becoming for Him the “burnt offering”. He is the One through Whom there will be eternal fellowship with the Father and the Son and with one another by becoming the “peace offering”. Forever we will remember His perfect life on earth, where He did everything by the Holy Spirit, as we see it in the “grain offering mixed with oil”.


To the Front of the Tent of Meeting

5So they took what Moses had commanded to the front of the tent of meeting, and the whole congregation came near and stood before the LORD. 6Moses said, “This is the thing which the LORD has commanded you to do, that the glory of the LORD may appear to you.”

What we may think about and be busy with the offering of the Lord Jesus in all its aspects for all eternity, may already begin on earth at the “tent of meeting”. When we come together as a church, we may enjoy the privilege of performing priestly services in a special way. There the Lord Jesus Himself is in the midst and He begins the hymn of praise (Heb 2:1212saying, “I will proclaim Your name to My brethren, In the midst of the congregation I will sing Your praise.”) to the glory of God and we may, as it were, join Him in it. We will then see the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.


Aaron and His Sons Offer the Offerings

7Moses then said to Aaron, “Come near to the altar and offer your sin offering and your burnt offering, that you may make atonement for yourself and for the people; then make the offering for the people, that you may make atonement for them, just as the LORD has commanded.” 8So Aaron came near to the altar and slaughtered the calf of the sin offering which was for himself. 9Aaron’s sons presented the blood to him; and he dipped his finger in the blood and put [some] on the horns of the altar, and poured out [the rest of] the blood at the base of the altar. 10The fat and the kidneys and the lobe of the liver of the sin offering, he then offered up in smoke on the altar just as the LORD had commanded Moses. 11The flesh and the skin, however, he burned with fire outside the camp. 12Then he slaughtered the burnt offering; and Aaron’s sons handed the blood to him and he sprinkled it around on the altar. 13They handed the burnt offering to him in pieces, with the head, and he offered [them] up in smoke on the altar. 14He also washed the entrails and the legs, and offered [them] up in smoke with the burnt offering on the altar. 15Then he presented the people’s offering, and took the goat of the sin offering which was for the people, and slaughtered it and offered it for sin, like the first. 16He also presented the burnt offering, and offered it according to the ordinance. 17Next he presented the grain offering, and filled his hand with some of it and offered [it] up in smoke on the altar, besides the burnt offering of the morning. 18Then he slaughtered the ox and the ram, the sacrifice of peace offerings which was for the people; and Aaron’s sons handed the blood to him and he sprinkled it around on the altar. 19As for the portions of fat from the ox and from the ram, the fat tail, and the [fat] covering, and the kidneys and the lobe of the liver, 20they now placed the portions of fat on the breasts; and he offered them up in smoke on the altar. 21But the breasts and the right thigh Aaron presented as a wave offering before the LORD, just as Moses had commanded.

Aaron is only a picture of the Lord Jesus. The Lord Jesus does not have to offer for Himself; Aaron, as a sinful man, must bring offerings for himself (Heb 5:33and because of it he is obligated to offer [sacrifices] for sins, as for the people, so also for himself.; 7:2828For the Law appoints men as high priests who are weak, but the word of the oath, which came after the Law, [appoints] a Son, made perfect forever.). Aaron brings the offerings of and for himself and the people. The various offerings and their significance have already been before our attention in the previous chapters. God shows in these pictures that He, as it were, does not become tired of speaking and hearing about His Son.

Before Aaron offers for others, he first offers for himself. It is a principle in God’s Word that we must first pay close attention to ourselves before we can occupy ourselves with someone else: “Pay close attention to yourself and to your teaching; persevere in these things, for as you do this you will ensure salvation both for yourself and for those who hear you” (1Tim 4:1616Pay close attention to yourself and to your teaching; persevere in these things, for as you do this you will ensure salvation both for yourself and for those who hear you.; Mt 7:3-53Why do you look at the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye?4Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the speck out of your eye,’ and behold, the log is in your own eye?5You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take the speck out of your brother’s eye.).


Aaron Blesses the People

22Then Aaron lifted up his hands toward the people and blessed them, and he stepped down after making the sin offering and the burnt offering and the peace offerings.

After bringing the offerings Aaron blesses the people. This is the blessing with which Christ blesses His people on the basis of the offering made: “And He led them out as far as Bethany, and He lifted up His hands and blessed them” (Lk 24:5050And He led them out as far as Bethany, and He lifted up His hands and blessed them.). This is always the basis of the blessings of Israel – and of the church – by which the people can be maintained in their existence.

As for the church, the Lord Jesus does not have to come out. For us the veil is torn and we have access into the holy place (Heb 10:1919Therefore, brethren, since we have confidence to enter the holy place by the blood of Jesus,), where we see that God has accepted the offering. The Holy Spirit has come to give us the certainty of the offering accomplished and accepted by God. We can enter with confidence.

We can also notice the blessing that is given today by Himself on the basis of the His offering. It is the blessing that is brought to man in the gospel.


Blessing and Glory

23Moses and Aaron went into the tent of meeting. When they came out and blessed the people, the glory of the LORD appeared to all the people.

What is written in the first part of this verse applies to Israel in the present time. Moses enters the tent of meeting with Aaron. Moses and Aaron are together a picture of the Lord Jesus as “the Apostle and High Priest of our confession” (Heb 3:11Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the Apostle and High Priest of our confession;). The entry of Moses and Aaron into the tent of meeting is a picture of the entry of the Lord Jesus into the holy place, into the heavens, of which the tabernacle is a picture (Heb 9:23-2423Therefore it was necessary for the copies of the things in the heavens to be cleansed with these, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.24For Christ did not enter a holy place made with hands, a [mere] copy of the true one, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us;). He is still in the holy place. When He appears again, they will see Him and come to repentance and confession (Zec 12:1010“I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that they will look on Me whom they have pierced; and they will mourn for Him, as one mourns for an only son, and they will weep bitterly over Him like the bitter weeping over a firstborn.) and worship Him (Lev 9:24b). When He appears to His people (Heb 9:2828so Christ also, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time for salvation without [reference to] sin, to those who eagerly await Him.), He will bless them.


The LORD Accepts the Offering

24Then fire came out from before the LORD and consumed the burnt offering and the portions of fat on the altar; and when all the people saw [it], they shouted and fell on their faces.

Then a great moment comes: the burnt offering and the fat pieces, that is what is only for the LORD, are consumed by Him with fire (Jdg 6:2121Then the angel of the LORD put out the end of the staff that was in his hand and touched the meat and the unleavened bread; and fire sprang up from the rock and consumed the meat and the unleavened bread. Then the angel of the LORD vanished from his sight.; 13:2020For it came about when the flame went up from the altar toward heaven, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. When Manoah and his wife saw [this], they fell on their faces to the ground.; 1Kgs 18:3838Then the fire of the LORD fell and consumed the burnt offering and the wood and the stones and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench.; 1Chr 21:2626Then David built an altar to the LORD there and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. And he called to the LORD and He answered him with fire from heaven on the altar of burnt offering.; 2Chr 7:11Now when Solomon had finished praying, fire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices, and the glory of the LORD filled the house.). It presents the complete acceptance of the work of the Lord Jesus by God as a work accomplished entirely to His glory in a power that only God knows perfectly and can enjoy.

The reaction of the people is to rejoice also in what God has given in the offering. They cast themselves down in worship before Him. All honor and admiration go out to Him Who, by reason of the offering, has connected them to Himself and has chosen them to be His people to dwell among them.


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