In verses 14-4014‘But if you do not obey Me and do not carry out all these commandments,15if, instead, you reject My statutes, and if your soul abhors My ordinances so as not to carry out all My commandments, [and] so break My covenant,16I, in turn, will do this to you: I will appoint over you a sudden terror, consumption and fever that will waste away the eyes and cause the soul to pine away; also, you will sow your seed uselessly, for your enemies will eat it up.17I will set My face against you so that you will be struck down before your enemies; and those who hate you will rule over you, and you will flee when no one is pursuing you.18If also after these things you do not obey Me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins.19I will also break down your pride of power; I will also make your sky like iron and your earth like bronze.20Your strength will be spent uselessly, for your land will not yield its produce and the trees of the land will not yield their fruit.21‘If then, you act with hostility against Me and are unwilling to obey Me, I will increase the plague on you seven times according to your sins.22I will let loose among you the beasts of the field, which will bereave you of your children and destroy your cattle and reduce your number so that your roads lie deserted.23‘And if by these things you are not turned to Me, but act with hostility against Me,24then I will act with hostility against you; and I, even I, will strike you seven times for your sins.25I will also bring upon you a sword which will execute vengeance for the covenant; and when you gather together into your cities, I will send pestilence among you, so that you shall be delivered into enemy hands.26When I break your staff of bread, ten women will bake your bread in one oven, and they will bring back your bread in rationed amounts, so that you will eat and not be satisfied.27‘Yet if in spite of this you do not obey Me, but act with hostility against Me,28then I will act with wrathful hostility against you, and I, even I, will punish you seven times for your sins.29Further, you will eat the flesh of your sons and the flesh of your daughters you will eat.30I then will destroy your high places, and cut down your incense altars, and heap your remains on the remains of your idols, for My soul shall abhor you.31I will lay waste your cities as well and will make your sanctuaries desolate, and I will not smell your soothing aromas.32I will make the land desolate so that your enemies who settle in it will be appalled over it.33You, however, I will scatter among the nations and will draw out a sword after you, as your land becomes desolate and your cities become waste.34‘Then the land will enjoy its sabbaths all the days of the desolation, while you are in your enemies’ land; then the land will rest and enjoy its sabbaths.35All the days of [its] desolation it will observe the rest which it did not observe on your sabbaths, while you were living on it.36As for those of you who may be left, I will also bring weakness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies. And the sound of a driven leaf will chase them, and even when no one is pursuing they will flee as though from the sword, and they will fall.37They will therefore stumble over each other as if [running] from the sword, although no one is pursuing; and you will have [no strength] to stand up before your enemies.38But you will perish among the nations, and your enemies’ land will consume you.39So those of you who may be left will rot away because of their iniquity in the lands of your enemies; and also because of the iniquities of their forefathers they will rot away with them.40‘If they confess their iniquity and the iniquity of their forefathers, in their unfaithfulness which they committed against Me, and also in their acting with hostility against Me— it is about the consequences for the people if they are disobedient. Not listening to God’s commandments shows contempt for it. It is not about sins of ignorance or weakness. In that case, offerings can be made. But if the people consciously ignore God’s statutes and commandments, the blessing will diminish, and God will finally expel the people from the land. The people will be scattered among the nations. The Divine threats concern Israel’s future.
The scattering of the people is literally fulfilled. This could make it difficult to believe that the prophecies of Leviticus 23 and Leviticus 25 will be fulfilled for the people and the land. But God will do what He has determined. He Himself will cause conversion in the astray people. He will do a work of grace in the people so they will be in a condition that He can fulfill all His plans for the converted people.
That converted people will be a remnant, but that remnant is also “all Israel” (Rom 11:25-26a25For I do not want you, brethren, to be uninformed of this mystery—so that you will not be wise in your own estimation—that a partial hardening has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in;26and so all Israel will be saved; just as it is written, “The Deliverer will come from Zion, He will remove ungodliness from Jacob.”). God will bless them on the ground of His covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (verses 42,4542then I will remember My covenant with Jacob, and I will remember also My covenant with Isaac, and My covenant with Abraham as well, and I will remember the land.45But I will remember for them the covenant with their ancestors, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations, that I might be their God. I am the LORD.’”).
The first announcement of the consequences of the disobedience of the people promise illness, hunger and defeats. The plagues result from this fearful fact that the LORD has turned His face against them (verse 1717I will set My face against you so that you will be struck down before your enemies; and those who hate you will rule over you, and you will flee when no one is pursuing you.). He will resist them (verses 24,2824then I will act with hostility against you; and I, even I, will strike you seven times for your sins.28then I will act with wrathful hostility against you, and I, even I, will punish you seven times for your sins.). If that is the case, any measure to turn God’s wrath away will prove a worthless, futile effort. When obedient no diseases shall affect them (Exo 23:2525But you shall serve the LORD your God, and He will bless your bread and your water; and I will remove sickness from your midst.; 15:2626And He said, “If you will give earnest heed to the voice of the LORD your God, and do what is right in His sight, and give ear to His commandments, and keep all His statutes, I will put none of the diseases on you which I have put on the Egyptians; for I, the LORD, am your healer.”).