Job
1-3 The Greatness of God 4-6 The Nullity of Man
The Greatness of God

1Then Bildad the Shuhite answered,
2“Dominion and awe belong to Him
Who establishes peace in His heights.
3“Is there any number to His troops?
And upon whom does His light not rise?

Bildad answers Job (verse 11Then Bildad the Shuhite answered,
). It is his last answer. His ammunition is gone. It is hardly an answer. It’s like a last convulsion of the three friends. With what he says, the words of the friends die away. After this, he’s done talking and basically defeated. From Zophar, who should be next, we hear nothing at all. They have put forward all their arguments, but have not been able to convince Job in any way of the correctness of them. Bildad turns out to be unable to answer Job’s remarks; neither does he come up with a new point of view.

Bildad’s answer is brief and contains the two points on which he and his friends have always hammered (Job 4:1717‘Can mankind be just before God?
Can a man be pure before his Maker?
; 15:1414“What is man, that he should be pure,
Or he who is born of a woman, that he should be righteous?
). In the absence of arguments, Bildad in fact repeats them. He depicts the majesty of God and, in contrast, the nullity of man. He points out that God far surpasses His limited creation, which is unlimited for our comprehension (verse 22“Dominion and awe belong to Him
Who establishes peace in His heights.
). God alone is unlimited. In His unlimitedness He also possesses omnipotence and all authority. He rules over everything and everyone (Isa 40:12,22,2612Who has measured the waters in the hollow of His hand,
And marked off the heavens by the span,
And calculated the dust of the earth by the measure,
And weighed the mountains in a balance
And the hills in a pair of scales?
22It is He who sits above the circle of the earth,
And its inhabitants are like grasshoppers,
Who stretches out the heavens like a curtain
And spreads them out like a tent to dwell in.
26Lift up your eyes on high
And see who has created these [stars],
The One who leads forth their host by number,
He calls them all by name;
Because of the greatness of His might and the strength of [His] power,
Not one [of them] is missing.
). All “dominion” is in His hands. Against Him, man can only be in “awe” (cf. Jer 10:77Who would not fear You, O King of the nations?
Indeed it is Your due!
For among all the wise men of the nations
And in all their kingdoms,
There is none like You.
).

God is the Establisher of “peace in His heights”, what looks at the order He has placed in the universe among His innumerable and incomprehensible works of creation. The universe breathes His omnipotence. In the universe nothing stands on its own. Everything is part of a whole that harmonizes through Him, through His natural laws. Through the word of His power, He sustains everything and is brought by Him to the goal He has determined (Heb 1:33And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,). He is peace in His nature. That peace is visible in His works.

In all that He does, His troops, the countless multitudes of angels, are available to Him (verse 33“Is there any number to His troops?
And upon whom does His light not rise?
; Heb 12:2222But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of angels,; Rev 5:1111Then I looked, and I heard the voice of many angels around the throne and the living creatures and the elders; and the number of them was myriads of myriads, and thousands of thousands,). On His authority they go and do as He wills. He “dwells in unapproachable light” (1Tim 6:1616who alone possesses immortality and dwells in unapproachable light, whom no man has seen or can see. To Him [be] honor and eternal dominion! Amen.). “God is light” (1Jn 1:55This is the message we have heard from Him and announce to you, that God is Light, and in Him there is no darkness at all.). Therefore nothing is hidden from Him, no one can escape His revealing light. In His light everyone is seen and revealed. “It is He who reveals the profound and hidden things; He knows what is in the darkness, And the light dwells with Him” (Dan 2:2222“It is He who reveals the profound and hidden things;
He knows what is in the darkness,
And the light dwells with Him.
).


The Nullity of Man

4“How then can a man be just with God?
Or how can he be clean who is born of woman?
5“If even the moon has no brightness
And the stars are not pure in His sight,
6How much less man, [that] maggot,
And the son of man, [that] worm!”

After Bildad has spoken about the greatness and exaltation of God in the previous verses, he then speaks about the insignificance of man (cf. Psa 8:4-54What is man that You take thought of him,
And the son of man that You care for him?
5Yet You have made him a little lower than God,
And You crown him with glory and majesty!
). All revelation of God’s greatness and purity should effect man’s awareness of nullity, impurity, and sinfulness (verse 44“How then can a man be just with God?
Or how can he be clean who is born of woman?
). Bildad says this again with Job in mind.

God is perfect in holiness. How then would a man – read: Job –, born of a mortal, be pure in God’s eye (cf. Job 14:44“Who can make the clean out of the unclean?
No one!
)? Nothing of creation, not even the moon and the stars that shine so brightly in the night, is pure in the eye of God (cf. Job 4:1818‘He puts no trust even in His servants;
And against His angels He charges error.
; 15:1515“Behold, He puts no trust in His holy ones,
And the heavens are not pure in His sight;
). Job claims to be pure, but that is not true at all, according to Bildad. Everything and everyone is outsmarted by God in His holiness and righteousness.

Opposite the holy and exalted majesty of God, even the bright moon and the stars are not pure, let alone the puny man who is no more than a maggot, a worm (verse 66How much less man, [that] maggot,
And the son of man, [that] worm!”
). His body is extremely fragile. Like a moth he can be crushed to death (Job 4:1919‘How much more those who dwell in houses of clay,
Whose foundation is in the dust,
Who are crushed before the moth!
). And equally weak also are his intelligent faculties. No one suffers without having earned it, for every man is a maggot, a worm, compared to God. Eliphaz leaves open the possibility of being restored after conversion (Job 22:2323“If you return to the Almighty, you will be restored;
If you remove unrighteousness far from your tent,
), but Bildad’s question of whether a man can be just with God presupposes a negative answer.

Every man deserves to be punished for his sins. But there is a possibility of being justified. That is through faith in the Lord Jesus. Whoever confesses his sins and believes in Him is justified. The Lord Jesus became Man to make that possible. In Him as Man we see God’s pleasure in man.


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