This chapter is also about battle. The battle in the previous chapter goes against an enemy from outside who has gained a foothold in the promised land. The main force has been defeated. The victory has been achieved, but cannot yet be celebrated. There are other types of battle in this chapter. They are the result of jealousy (verses 1-31Then the men of Ephraim said to him, “What is this thing you have done to us, not calling us when you went to fight against Midian?” And they contended with him vigorously.2But he said to them, “What have I done now in comparison with you? Is not the gleaning [of the grapes] of Ephraim better than the vintage of Abiezer?3God has given the leaders of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb into your hands; and what was I able to do in comparison with you?” Then their anger toward him subsided when he said that.), of refusal to cooperate (verses 4-174Then Gideon and the 300 men who were with him came to the Jordan [and] crossed over, weary yet pursuing.5He said to the men of Succoth, “Please give loaves of bread to the people who are following me, for they are weary, and I am pursuing Zebah and Zalmunna, the kings of Midian.”6The leaders of Succoth said, “Are the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna already in your hands, that we should give bread to your army?”7Gideon said, “All right, when the LORD has given Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand, then I will thrash your bodies with the thorns of the wilderness and with briers.”8He went up from there to Penuel and spoke similarly to them; and the men of Penuel answered him just as the men of Succoth had answered.9So he spoke also to the men of Penuel, saying, “When I return safely, I will tear down this tower.”10Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their armies with them, about 15,000 men, all who were left of the entire army of the sons of the east; for the fallen were 120,000 swordsmen.11Gideon went up by the way of those who lived in tents on the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and attacked the camp when the camp was unsuspecting.12When Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued them and captured the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and routed the whole army.13Then Gideon the son of Joash returned from the battle by the ascent of Heres.14And he captured a youth from Succoth and questioned him. Then [the youth] wrote down for him the princes of Succoth and its elders, seventy-seven men.15He came to the men of Succoth and said, “Behold Zebah and Zalmunna, concerning whom you taunted me, saying, ‘Are the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna already in your hand, that we should give bread to your men who are weary?’”16He took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and he disciplined the men of Succoth with them.17He tore down the tower of Penuel and killed the men of the city.) and of flattery (verses 18-3118Then he said to Zebah and Zalmunna, “What kind of men [were] they whom you killed at Tabor?” And they said, “They were like you, each one resembling the son of a king.”19He said, “They [were] my brothers, the sons of my mother. [As] the LORD lives, if only you had let them live, I would not kill you.”20So he said to Jether his firstborn, “Rise, kill them.” But the youth did not draw his sword, for he was afraid, because he was still a youth.21Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, “Rise up yourself, and fall on us; for as the man, so is his strength.” So Gideon arose and killed Zebah and Zalmunna, and took the crescent ornaments which were on their camels’ necks.22Then the men of Israel said to Gideon, “Rule over us, both you and your son, also your son’s son, for you have delivered us from the hand of Midian.”23But Gideon said to them, “I will not rule over you, nor shall my son rule over you; the LORD shall rule over you.”24Yet Gideon said to them, “I would request of you, that each of you give me an earring from his spoil.” (For they had gold earrings, because they were Ishmaelites.)25They said, “We will surely give [them].” So they spread out a garment, and every one of them threw an earring there from his spoil.26The weight of the gold earrings that he requested was 1,700 [shekels] of gold, besides the crescent ornaments and the pendants and the purple robes which [were] on the kings of Midian, and besides the neck bands that [were] on their camels’ necks.27Gideon made it into an ephod, and placed it in his city, Ophrah, and all Israel played the harlot with it there, so that it became a snare to Gideon and his household.28So Midian was subdued before the sons of Israel, and they did not lift up their heads anymore. And the land was undisturbed for forty years in the days of Gideon.29Then Jerubbaal the son of Joash went and lived in his own house.30Now Gideon had seventy sons who were his direct descendants, for he had many wives.31His concubine who was in Shechem also bore him a son, and he named him Abimelech.). How Gideon deals with this, again contains important teaching material for our spiritual warfare. The chapter ends with Gideon’s death.