V66And when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says, “And let all the angels of God worship Him.”. The third quotation (verse 66And when He again brings the firstborn into the world, He says, “And let all the angels of God worship Him.” - Psa 97:77Let all those be ashamed who serve graven images,
Who boast themselves of idols;
Worship Him, all you gods.
) is about worshipping the Son. Only a Divine Person is worthy of worship. God appeals to “all” angels to do that, not just a few. They are called “the angels of God”, which means, creatures who are nearest to Him and who are instruments of His power and government. In that position they ought to worship the Messiah.
God makes this appeal “when He again brings the Firstborn into the world”. That certainly refers to His birth in Bethlehem. Then God brought Him into the world and the angels were praising God (Lk 2:1313And suddenly there appeared with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying,
). But God will bring Him again into the world. Then He will not come as a Babe, but in power and majesty (Rev 19:11-1611And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sat on it [is] called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war.12His eyes [are] a flame of fire, and on His head [are] many diadems; and He has a name written [on Him] which no one knows except Himself.13[He is] clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God.14And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white [and] clean, were following Him on white horses.15From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty.16And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.”). He shall come as ‘the Firstborn’, which means that He will be in the midst of others and amongst them He will take the first place. That also appears from the description of His return in Revelation 19 (Rev 19:11-1611And I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and He who sat on it [is] called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and wages war.12His eyes [are] a flame of fire, and on His head [are] many diadems; and He has a name written [on Him] which no one knows except Himself.13[He is] clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God.14And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white [and] clean, were following Him on white horses.15From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty.16And on His robe and on His thigh He has a name written, “KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.”). He is also the Firstborn of the whole creation (Col 1:1515He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation.), the Firstborn from the dead (Col 1:1818He is also head of the body, the church; and He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, so that He Himself will come to have first place in everything.; Rev 1:55and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To Him who loves us and released us from our sins by His blood—) and the Firstborn among many brethren (Rom 8:2929For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined [to become] conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren;).
V77And of the angels He says, “Who makes His angels winds, And His ministers a flame of fire.”. The fourth quotation (verse 77And of the angels He says, “Who makes His angels winds, And His ministers a flame of fire.” - Psa 104:44He makes the winds His messengers,
Flaming fire His ministers.
) shows that angels have been made to something, namely “winds” and “ministers”. The Son however is not made to something. The messengers, these invisible creatures, are swift and invisible as the wind, but their work is observable. They are ministers with a power of flame of fire, terrible, terrifying and consuming. Therefore angels are exalted far above men. But the Son is exalted immeasurably far above the angels. While He is the Son, the angels are being compared with no more than the elementary forces of wind and a flame of fire.
V8-98But of the Son He says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, And the righteous scepter is the scepter of His kingdom.9“You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of gladness above Your companions.”. The fifth quotation is from Psalm 45 (Psa 45:6-76Your throne, O God, is forever and ever;
A scepter of uprightness is the scepter of Your kingdom.
7You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness;
Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You
With the oil of joy above Your fellows.
) (verses 8-98But of the Son He says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, And the righteous scepter is the scepter of His kingdom.9“You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of gladness above Your companions.”). Psalm 45 is a Messianic psalm, wherein the Divinity of the Messiah is emphasized strongly. The psalmist addresses the Messiah with “God”. As it is said, the Son has not been made to something, as the angels were, but God acknowledges Him in what He is: God. God speaks about His “throne”. That is His earthly throne, which ends to exist when He takes possession of an eternal throne. It is an eternal throne because righteousness is the foundation of it.
The Messiah practices His kingdom, whereof the scepter is the symbol, as a righteous King. Nobody can question His kingdom and nobody can criticize the righteousness of His reign. Each ground is missing to question or criticize that. Regarding the angels, they do not sit on a throne, but they are standing before the throne, ready to serve.
He is entitled to that place. He proved that when He was on earth. He showed that He loved righteousness and hated lawlessness. Therefore He was a pleasure to God and therefore God anointed Him with the oil of gladness above His companions (i.e. the believing remnant of Israel).
The wonderful thing in this quotation is that on the one side you see that the Divinity of the Lord Jesus is affirmed again as well as His eternal throne. On the other side you see Him as the faithful Man on earth where He made God-fearing people His companions, above whom He at the same time is highly exalted.
V10-1210And, “You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, And the heavens are the works of Your hands;11They will perish, but You remain; And they all will become old like a garment,12And like a mantle You will roll them up; Like a garment they will also be changed. But You are the same, And Your years will not come to an end.”. But His glory is presented yet more extensively: He is Lord (Yahweh). There can be no misunderstanding about this because of the sixth quotation (verses 10-1210And, “You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, And the heavens are the works of Your hands;11They will perish, but You remain; And they all will become old like a garment,12And like a mantle You will roll them up; Like a garment they will also be changed. But You are the same, And Your years will not come to an end.” - Psa 102:26-2826“Even they will perish, but You endure;
And all of them will wear out like a garment;
Like clothing You will change them and they will be changed.
27“But You are the same,
And Your years will not come to an end.
28“The children of Your servants will continue,
And their descendants will be established before You.”). The quotation starts with ‘and’, which makes it clear that it hooks up to the previous verse and adds to what already has been said about the Son. In Psalm 102 He is not only seen as Man, but as Man in the deepest humiliation, in His suffering and finally in His death.
However, He is also acknowledged by God as the Maker of heaven and earth. The psalm is the prophetical expression from the heart of the Savior, in the prospect of what He endured on earth as Man. But you also hear God’s answer to Him in this quotation. The answer implies that, however deeply He was humiliated, He was at the same time the Creator. That answer is quoted here by the writer. You read that God addresses His Son with: “You, Lord.” To the readers of the letter (and for you too) this means that the Jesus of the New Testament is the Yahweh of the Old Testament.
Then you read the quotation about “the beginning” (Gen 1:11In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.; Jn 1:11In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.). He is at the beginning of all things. All things owe their beginning to Him Who Himself has no beginning. He also has no end, though His works do have, for they will perish. Mockers do say that all things remain, as from the beginning of creation (2Pet 3:44and saying, “Where is the promise of His coming? For[ever] since the fathers fell asleep, all continues just as it was from the beginning of creation.”), but they will for sure discover they are cheated. The material world has no life in itself and is neither eternal, as its Creator is. Here in one phrase you move from the beginning to the perishing at the end, from Genesis 1:1 to Revelation 21:1. It indicates the huge contrast between the Creator and the creation.
He is eternally the Same. His years will last endlessly, even now He has become Man, for also as Man He has no end. The creation will be changed, but He Himself is the Eternal and the Unchangeable. “Will be changed” indicates a new heaven and a new earth (Rev 20:1111Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat upon it, from whose presence earth and heaven fled away, and no place was found for them.; 21:11Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth passed away, and there is no longer [any] sea.). Creation will be like a “garment” and He will deal with the creation as with a “cloak”. A garment finally grows old and you can fold up a cloak or change it for another one. That is not the case with the Son. Christ is Creator and also Re-creator.
V1313But to which of the angels has He ever said, “Sit at My right hand, Until I make Your enemies A footstool for Your feet”?. The seventh quotation (verse 1313But to which of the angels has He ever said, “Sit at My right hand, Until I make Your enemies A footstool for Your feet”? - Psa 110:11A Psalm of David.
The LORD says to my Lord:
“Sit at My right hand
Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.”
) is in accordance with the seventh glory of the Son in verse 33And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high,. Not only His Person is glorious and Divine, not only does He take the first place towards all creatures in the universe, but He has His own place at the right hand of the Majesty in the heavens. He Who had been with God in eternity, came to earth, was despised, but still will rule soon, is now seated at God’s right hand.
Psalm 110:1 is the verse from the Old Testament quoted the most in the New Testament. That’s because only this verse in the Old Testament actually says something about the present place of the Lord Jesus in heaven after His suffering, dying and resurrection and before His return.
He is now seated, while the angels are always standing (Lk 1:1919The angel answered and said to him, “I am Gabriel, who stands in the presence of God, and I have been sent to speak to you and to bring you this good news.; Rev 8:22And I saw the seven angels who stand before God, and seven trumpets were given to them.). When Michael and his angels have fought against the dragon and his angels and have defeated them (Rev 12:7-87And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels waging war with the dragon. The dragon and his angels waged war,8and they were not strong enough, and there was no longer a place found for them in heaven.), they will return to God’s presence and stand there in their place of humble servants, awaiting the next order. What God says to His Son He will never say to the mightiest angel.
V1414Are they not all ministering spirits, sent out to render service for the sake of those who will inherit salvation?. The chapter ends with a question that consists of a conclusion. Angels minister, but Christ rules. Angels are ministers of God, but also of the believers. Angels are spirits, they have no terrestrial bodies. They see the believers, they are spectators of what the believers do and don’t do, as 1 Corinthians 11 (1Cor 11:1010Therefore the woman ought to have [a symbol of] authority on her head, because of the angels.) proves, and they provide them with assistance where it is needed, because the believers are companions of the Son.
The believers are presented here as “those who will inherit salvation”. With salvation in this letter is meant the millennial kingdom. Therefore you should see salvation here as something that lies in the future. Salvation is also seen as something that you already possess. Therefore you may know for sure that you are saved on the ground of your conversion to God and your faith in the Lord Jesus (Eph 2:88For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, [it is] the gift of God;).
It is important that you, to know what the expression ‘salvation’ means, look at the context in which it is written. Salvation often means to be placed on a new territory, beyond the reach of evil spirits and connected to Christ. In the quoted Ephesians 2:8 the issue is that you are already in heaven now, safe and sound in a territory where you are connected to a glorified Christ.
As it is said, in this letter it is about salvation as something of the future. That implies that we sometimes have to go through a tough and difficult way before we reach that salvation. That applied to the Jewish believers anyhow. Therefore they urgently needed a ministry of empowerment, comfort and protection.
The Lord uses among others His angels to minister His own. He deploys them, He sends them. They go on His command. Like when He sends an angel to Cornelius (Acts 10:33About the ninth hour of the day he clearly saw in a vision an angel of God who had [just] come in and said to him, “Cornelius!”) and to Philip (Acts 8:2626But an angel of the Lord spoke to Philip saying, “Get up and go south to the road that descends from Jerusalem to Gaza.” (This is a desert [road].)). He deploys them to bring Lazarus to Him (Lk 16:2222Now the poor man died and was carried away by the angels to Abraham’s bosom; and the rich man also died and was buried.). God uses angels to protect us (Mt 4:66and *said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down; for it is written,
‘HE WILL COMMAND HIS ANGELS CONCERNING YOU’;
‘ON [their] HANDS THEY WILL BEAR YOU UP,
SO THAT YOU WILL NOT STRIKE YOUR FOOT AGAINST A STONE.’”
; 18:1010“See that you do not despise one of these little ones, for I say to you that their angels in heaven continually see the face of My Father who is in heaven.; Acts 12:1515They said to her, “You are out of your mind!” But she kept insisting that it was so. They kept saying, “It is his angel.”). These angels are the elected or holy angels (Mt 25:3131“But when the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, then He will sit on His glorious throne.; 1Tim 5:2121I solemnly charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus and of [His] chosen angels, to maintain these [principles] without bias, doing nothing in a [spirit of] partiality.).
You see a multitude of ministries that the angels do and that on your and my behalf. Therefore not the angels are worthy of praise (they would reject it, Rev 22:8-98I, John, am the one who heard and saw these things. And when I heard and saw, I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who showed me these things.9But he *said to me, “Do not do that. I am a fellow servant of yours and of your brethren the prophets and of those who heed the words of this book. Worship God.”), but the Lord of the angels: the Man Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the Creator and Heir of all things.
Now read Hebrews 1:6-14 again.
Reflection: Which glories of the Lord Jesus have you learnt about? Worship Him for them.