Genesis
Introduction 1-4 Sons of God and Daughters of Men 5-7 The Reason for the Flood 8-12 Noah, the Exception 13 God Tells Noah What He Is Going to Do 14-16 The Ark 17 Everything on Earth Shall Perish 18-21 Who Shall Enter the Ark 22 Noah Obeys
Introduction

The people of the lineage of faith have not been able to stop the development of the corruption of the world at that time. It is not in accordance with God’s thoughts that the gospel or political efforts will ever win the world for Him. Evil spreads and reveals itself in ever-changing forms.


Sons of God and Daughters of Men

1Now it came about, when men began to multiply on the face of the land, and daughters were born to them, 2that the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were beautiful; and they took wives for themselves, whomever they chose. 3Then the LORD said, “My Spirit shall not strive with man forever, because he also is flesh; nevertheless his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.” 4The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore [children] to them. Those were the mighty men who [were] of old, men of renown.

With the increase of the wicked people sin also increases (Pro 29:16a16When the wicked increase, transgression increases;
But the righteous will see their fall.
; cf. Acts 6:11Now at this time while the disciples were increasing [in number], a complaint arose on the part of the Hellenistic [Jews] against the [native] Hebrews, because their widows were being overlooked in the daily serving [of food].). Evil takes on such horrible forms that “the daughters of men” connect themselves with “the sons of God”. The sons of God mentioned here are fallen angels “who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode” (Jude 1:66And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day,) and have taken on a human form. The results are also there. It produces “Nephilim” or “giants”, “mighty men”, “men of renown”, impressive appearances.

That angels are meant by the sons of God is evident from the book of Job (Job 1:66Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came among them.; 2:11Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came among them to present himself before the LORD.). The contrast between “sons of God” and “daughters of men” supports this idea. What sense would this contrast have if with sons of God also were meant men? The idea that it would be a connection between believers and unbelievers is not correct. The expression ‘sons of God’ for believers is only used in the New Testament (Gal 3:2626For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus.; Rom 8:14,1914For all who are being led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God.19For the anxious longing of the creation waits eagerly for the revealing of the sons of God.) and applies there to men and women.

That the judgment does not come directly, man sees as a reason to continue sinning (Ecc 8:1111Because the sentence against an evil deed is not executed quickly, therefore the hearts of the sons of men among them are given fully to do evil.). But God’s judgment does not slumber. God’s patience comes to an end. His Spirit does not endlessly try to convince people of their sins and to persuade them to repent. God determines of man that “he also is flesh”, thus indicating the incorrigible sinfulness of mankind. Therefore, He sets a limit to man’s wickedness: another hundred and twenty years and then comes judgment.


The Reason for the Flood

5Then the LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great on the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. 6The LORD was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart. 7The LORD said, “I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the land, from man to animals to creeping things and to birds of the sky; for I am sorry that I have made them.”

The LORD always has a reason for everything He does. He never does anything without cause. He does not always make known the reason for His actions, but sometimes he does, as here. Nothing is left of His good work on earth. Any hope of improvement is a thing of the past. If He now looks at the earth, there is pain in his heart (cf. Psa 95:1010“For forty years I loathed [that] generation,
And said they are a people who err in their heart,
And they do not know My ways.
; Isa 43:2424“You have bought Me not sweet cane with money,
Nor have you filled Me with the fat of your sacrifices;
Rather you have burdened Me with your sins,
You have wearied Me with your iniquities.
). Is this the man whom He created so well? Is this the man to whom He did not retain, even after the Fall, His favors?

The great wickedness of the people is not only evident from the horrible sin of mixing their daughters with fallen angels, but is also evident from the lives of the decent people. The Lord Jesus speaks of life “in the days of Noah” and says of the lives of men in those days: “They were eating, they were drinking, they were marrying, they were being given in marriage” (Lk 17:26-2726And just as it happened in the days of Noah, so it will be also in the days of the Son of Man:27they were eating, they were drinking, they were marrying, they were being given in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, and the flood came and destroyed them all.). These are the ordinary things of life. But in the days of Noah, life consisted of that. God was not thought of. That kind of life also makes the wickedness of people great and is the reason for the flood.

When the LORD sees this, He is sorry, or He repents, that he made man. God’s faithfulness never has to do with acknowledging a wrong deed. God never does anything wrong. His repentance indicates His feelings when He sees what man does with everything He has given him. He mourns about it. The element of regret about wrongdoing is not present here. If God repents something, it means that in His government He comes back to something He intends to do, but changes it, when He sees people behaving differently than He may expect.

The same we see with Saul, of whom God also says that He repents that He has made him king (1Sam 15:11a,3511“I regret that I have made Saul king, for he has turned back from following Me and has not carried out My commands.” And Samuel was distressed and cried out to the LORD all night.35Samuel did not see Saul again until the day of his death; for Samuel grieved over Saul. And the LORD regretted that He had made Saul king over Israel., Darby translation). The other sense of repentance, that it would have been wrong of God to make him king, that He was mistaken, is not possible with God. Of him is true: “Also the Glory of Israel will not lie or change His mind [or: repent]; for He is not a man that He should change His mind [or: repent]” (1Sam 15:2929Also the Glory of Israel will not lie or change His mind; for He is not a man that He should change His mind.”; cf. Rom 11:2929for the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable.; Num 23:1919“God is not a man, that He should lie,
Nor a son of man, that He should repent;
Has He said, and will He not do it?
Or has He spoken, and will He not make it good?
; Mal 3:66“For I, the LORD, do not change; therefore you, O sons of Jacob, are not consumed.). God can repent in the sense that He returns to an intention to bless or punish man if the ways of man give cause to do so.

A clear example of this can be found in Jeremiah 18: “At one moment I might speak concerning a nation or concerning a kingdom to uproot, to pull down, or to destroy [it]; if that nation against which I have spoken turns from its evil, I will relent [or: will repent, Darby translation] concerning the calamity I planned to bring on it. Or at another moment I might speak concerning a nation or concerning a kingdom to build up or to plant [it]; if it does evil in My sight by not obeying My voice, then I will think better [or: will repent, Darby translation] of the good with which I had promised to bless it” (Jer 18:7-107At one moment I might speak concerning a nation or concerning a kingdom to uproot, to pull down, or to destroy [it];8if that nation against which I have spoken turns from its evil, I will relent concerning the calamity I planned to bring on it.9Or at another moment I might speak concerning a nation or concerning a kingdom to build up or to plant [it];10if it does evil in My sight by not obeying My voice, then I will think better of the good with which I had promised to bless it.).

Repentance on the basis of a mistake is impossible, because God does not make mistakes. The repentance of God referred to here, shows that man is not a puppet and God is not an unrelenting God. This does not affect the fact that God is omniscient and sovereign. He is too. It does show how much God is involved with man. Even so that at some point He says: “I am become weary of repenting” (Jer 15:66“You who have forsaken Me,” declares the LORD,
“You keep going backward.
So I will stretch out My hand against you and destroy you;
I am tired of relenting!
, Darby translation). God gives people so many opportunities, every time they repent He postpones the judgment, but every time they corrupt it.

Finally, He can no longer postpone the judgement. This is evident here with Noah, although He still gives man a certain time to repent. He used the preaching of Noah, who is called “a preacher of righteousness” (2Pet 2:55and did not spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah, a preacher of righteousness, with seven others, when He brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly;).

Even the senseless animals are included in the announced judgment. They are made for man to serve and honor God together with him, but because of man’s sin they no longer meet the purpose of their creation.


Noah, the Exception

8But Noah found favor in the eyes of the LORD. 9These are [the records of] the generations of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, blameless in his time; Noah walked with God. 10Noah became the father of three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth. 11Now the earth was corrupt in the sight of God, and the earth was filled with violence. 12God looked on the earth, and behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted their way upon the earth.

Noah finds grace in the eyes of the LORD. What can that mean other than that he has also looked for it? Whoever seeks grace, is aware of the judgment. Noah is no exception to all people as sinners. He also deserves to be judged. He is the exception in the midst of all corruption, because he acknowledges that God’s wrath rests on him. The result is that of him can be said that he is “a righteous man, blameless”. This is also evident from his walk, for he “walked with God”. It must have been a great joy for God that this man walks with Him in the midst of corruption and violence.


God Tells Noah What He Is Going to Do

13Then God said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before Me; for the earth is filled with violence because of them; and behold, I am about to destroy them with the earth.

Just like with Enoch, God tells Noah what He is going to do. “The secret of the LORD is for those who fear Him, And He will make them know His covenant” (Psa 25:1414The secret of the LORD is for those who fear Him,
And He will make them know His covenant.
). With man the earth will be destroyed. Man has corrupted everything in connection with him. By his fault there is a curse on creation (Rom 8:20,2220For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it, in hope22For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now.).


The Ark

14Make for yourself an ark of gopher wood; you shall make the ark with rooms, and shall cover it inside and out with pitch. 15This is how you shall make it: the length of the ark three hundred cubits, its breadth fifty cubits, and its height thirty cubits. 16You shall make a window for the ark, and finish it to a cubit from the top; and set the door of the ark in the side of it; you shall make it with lower, second, and third decks.

Just like with Enoch there is salvation from the judgment for Noah, but in an other way than with Enoch. God not only makes Noah familiar with judgment, but also with salvation. He does not leave it to Noah to think of a way in which he can bring himself to safety. That is still the case today. There is only one Name given under heaven by which people can be saved (Acts 4:1212And there is salvation in no one else; for there is no other name under heaven that has been given among men by which we must be saved.”) and that is “the name of Jesus Christ the Nazarene” (Acts 4:1010let it be known to all of you and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ the Nazarene, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the dead—by this [name] this man stands here before you in good health.).

As with the tabernacle, God gives a precise description of the ark to be built. The ark is a picture of the Lord Jesus. The wood of the ark speaks of His Manhood. The Man Christ Jesus is the “mediator between God and men” (1Tim 2:55For there is one God, [and] one mediator also between God and men, [the] man Christ Jesus,). The word “pitch” is the same word used for “reconciliation”.


Everything on Earth Shall Perish

17Behold, I, even I am bringing the flood of water upon the earth, to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life, from under heaven; everything that is on the earth shall perish.

So far God has not said how He will destroy the earth. Here He says that He will do it by “the flood of water”. Now Noah understands why he has to build a big ship.


Who Shall Enter the Ark

18But I will establish My covenant with you; and you shall enter the ark—you and your sons and your wife, and your sons’ wives with you. 19And of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every [kind] into the ark, to keep [them] alive with you; they shall be male and female. 20Of the birds after their kind, and of the animals after their kind, of every creeping thing of the ground after its kind, two of every [kind] will come to you to keep [them] alive. 21As for you, take for yourself some of all food which is edible, and gather [it] to yourself; and it shall be for food for you and for them.”

The ark serves primarily to save Noah and his family. Furthermore, everything that has value for God, everything that lives, must also enter the ark. God’s plan is to populate an earth cleansed by judgment with everything that lives. God’s great care is evident not only from the ark itself but also from the compartments that have to be made in the ark. The ark is not one big space, but every living being gets his own compartment. Food also speaks of God’s care.


Noah Obeys

22Thus Noah did; according to all that God had commanded him, so he did.

Noah’s faith is evident from his obedience. He acts exactly according to the instructions of God. Similarly, Moses later acts in the construction of the tabernacle (Heb 8:55who serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things, just as Moses was warned [by God] when he was about to erect the tabernacle; for, “See,” He says, “that you make all things according to the pattern which was shown you on the mountain.”; Exo 40:1616Thus Moses did; according to all that the LORD had commanded him, so he did.). Our faith is also evident in our obedience to everything God has said in His Word. If God warns of the judgements to come, then it is wisdom to make provision accordingly (Exo 9:20-2120The one among the servants of Pharaoh who feared the word of the LORD made his servants and his livestock flee into the houses;21but he who paid no regard to the word of the LORD left his servants and his livestock in the field.; Eze 3:1818When I say to the wicked, ‘You will surely die,’ and you do not warn him or speak out to warn the wicked from his wicked way that he may live, that wicked man shall die in his iniquity, but his blood I will require at your hand.).


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