Exodus
Introduction 1-31 The Priests’ Garments Made 32-43 Moses Approves the Work
Introduction

This chapter contains the expression “as the LORD commanded Moses” ten times. It emphasizes the importance of the priestly garments: exercising the priestly service of the Lord Jesus and the believers. It also leaves nothing to the imagination of man.


The Priests’ Garments Made

1Moreover, from the blue and purple and scarlet [material], they made finely woven garments for ministering in the holy place as well as the holy garments which were for Aaron, just as the LORD had commanded Moses. 2He made the ephod of gold, [and] of blue and purple and scarlet [material], and fine twisted linen. 3Then they hammered out gold sheets and cut [them] into threads to be woven in [with] the blue and the purple and the scarlet [material], and the fine linen, the work of a skillful workman. 4They made attaching shoulder pieces for the ephod; it was attached at its two [upper] ends. 5The skillfully woven band which was on it was like its workmanship, of the same material: of gold [and] of blue and purple and scarlet [material], and fine twisted linen, just as the LORD had commanded Moses. 6They made the onyx stones, set in gold filigree [settings]; they were engraved [like] the engravings of a signet, according to the names of the sons of Israel. 7And he placed them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, [as] memorial stones for the sons of Israel, just as the LORD had commanded Moses. 8He made the breastpiece, the work of a skillful workman, like the workmanship of the ephod: of gold [and] of blue and purple and scarlet [material] and fine twisted linen. 9It was square; they made the breastpiece folded double, a span long and a span wide when folded double. 10And they mounted four rows of stones on it. The first row [was] a row of ruby, topaz, and emerald; 11and the second row, a turquoise, a sapphire and a diamond; 12and the third row, a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst; 13and the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper. They were set in gold filigree [settings] when they were mounted. 14The stones were corresponding to the names of the sons of Israel; they were twelve, corresponding to their names, [engraved with] the engravings of a signet, each with its name for the twelve tribes. 15They made on the breastpiece chains like cords, of twisted cordage work in pure gold. 16They made two gold filigree [settings] and two gold rings, and put the two rings on the two ends of the breastpiece. 17Then they put the two gold cords in the two rings at the ends of the breastpiece. 18They put the [other] two ends of the two cords on the two filigree [settings], and put them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod at the front of it. 19They made two gold rings and placed [them] on the two ends of the breastpiece, on its inner edge which was next to the ephod. 20Furthermore, they made two gold rings and placed them on the bottom of the two shoulder pieces of the ephod, on the front of it, close to the place where it joined, above the woven band of the ephod. 21They bound the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a blue cord, so that it would be on the woven band of the ephod, and that the breastpiece would not come loose from the ephod, just as the LORD had commanded Moses. 22Then he made the robe of the ephod of woven work, all of blue; 23and the opening of the robe was [at the top] in the center, as the opening of a coat of mail, with a binding all around its opening, so that it would not be torn. 24They made pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet [material and] twisted [linen] on the hem of the robe. 25They also made bells of pure gold, and put the bells between the pomegranates all around on the hem of the robe, 26alternating a bell and a pomegranate all around on the hem of the robe for the service, just as the LORD had commanded Moses. 27They made the tunics of finely woven linen for Aaron and his sons, 28and the turban of fine linen, and the decorated caps of fine linen, and the linen breeches of fine twisted linen, 29and the sash of fine twisted linen, and blue and purple and scarlet [material], the work of the weaver, just as the LORD had commanded Moses. 30They made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold, and inscribed it like the engravings of a signet, “Holy to the LORD.” 31They fastened a blue cord to it, to fasten it on the turban above, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.

If we read this, we are impressed by how all the actions that are carried out to make this garment are described in great detail. It shows that God follows our achievements with interest. He is not only interested in the final result, but also in how the final result is achieved. He wants us to be engaged in the way He has indicated in His Word.

In verse 33Then they hammered out gold sheets and cut [them] into threads to be woven in [with] the blue and the purple and the scarlet [material], and the fine linen, the work of a skillful workman. we read a detail that is not in Exodus 28: a golden thread that is woven through the ephod. This is a picture of divine glory (gold) shining through all the traits of the holy humanity of the Lord Jesus. All truths concerning His person are interrelated. Nothing can be separated, although there may be distinction.

For example, we see that He sleeps as Man on a boat because He is tired, while standing up a little later, and rebuking the wind and the sea as God: “On that day, when evening came, He *said to them, “Let us go over to the other side.” Leaving the crowd, they *took Him along with them in the boat, just as He was; and other boats were with Him. And there *arose a fierce gale of wind, and the waves were breaking over the boat so much that the boat was already filling up. Jesus Himself was in the stern, asleep on the cushion; and they *woke Him and *said to Him, “Teacher, do You not care that we are perishing?” And He got up and rebuked the wind and said to the sea, “Hush, be still.” And the wind died down and it became perfectly calm. And He said to them, “Why are you afraid? Do you still have no faith?” They became very much afraid and said to one another, “Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey Him?”” (Mk 4:35-4135On that day, when evening came, He *said to them, “Let us go over to the other side.”36Leaving the crowd, they *took Him along with them in the boat, just as He was; and other boats were with Him.37And there *arose a fierce gale of wind, and the waves were breaking over the boat so much that the boat was already filling up.38Jesus Himself was in the stern, asleep on the cushion; and they *woke Him and *said to Him, “Teacher, do You not care that we are perishing?”39And He got up and rebuked the wind and said to the sea, “Hush, be still.” And the wind died down and it became perfectly calm.40And He said to them, “Why are you afraid? Do you still have no faith?”41They became very much afraid and said to one another, “Who then is this, that even the wind and the sea obey Him?”).

See also Exodus 28:1-43.


Moses Approves the Work

32Thus all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of meeting was completed; and the sons of Israel did according to all that the LORD had commanded Moses; so they did. 33They brought the tabernacle to Moses, the tent and all its furnishings: its clasps, its boards, its bars, and its pillars and its sockets; 34and the covering of rams’ skins dyed red, and the covering of porpoise skins, and the screening veil; 35the ark of the testimony and its poles and the mercy seat; 36the table, all its utensils, and the bread of the Presence; 37the pure [gold] lampstand, with its arrangement of lamps and all its utensils, and the oil for the light; 38and the gold altar, and the anointing oil and the fragrant incense, and the veil for the doorway of the tent; 39the bronze altar and its bronze grating, its poles and all its utensils, the laver and its stand; 40the hangings for the court, its pillars and its sockets, and the screen for the gate of the court, its cords and its pegs and all the equipment for the service of the tabernacle, for the tent of meeting; 41the woven garments for ministering in the holy place and the holy garments for Aaron the priest and the garments of his sons, to minister as priests. 42So the sons of Israel did all the work according to all that the LORD had commanded Moses. 43And Moses examined all the work and behold, they had done it; just as the LORD had commanded, this they had done. So Moses blessed them.

In verse 4343And Moses examined all the work and behold, they had done it; just as the LORD had commanded, this they had done. So Moses blessed them. we read the final conclusion: “And Moses examined all the work and behold, they had done it; just as the LORD had commanded, this they had done. So Moses blessed them” (cf. Gen 2:1-31Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts.2By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.3Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.). Moses observes that everything was made according to the example shown to him on the mountain (Heb 8:55who serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things, just as Moses was warned [by God] when he was about to erect the tabernacle; for, “See,” He says, “that you make all things according to the pattern which was shown you on the mountain.”). The tabernacle has not yet been set up, but everything is ready. Thus the Lord Jesus looks at all our work in connection with the church, even if it is still hidden from the world, and blesses us to the degree of all our obedience.


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