Esther
1-3 The Greatness of Mordecai
The Greatness of Mordecai

1Now King Ahasuerus laid a tribute on the land and on the coastlands of the sea. 2And all the accomplishments of his authority and strength, and the full account of the greatness of Mordecai to which the king advanced him, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Media and Persia? 3For Mordecai the Jew was second [only] to King Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews and in favor with his many kinsmen, one who sought the good of his people and one who spoke for the welfare of his whole nation.

The power of the king is shown by the fact that he can impose taxes on all areas of his kingdom, even the most hard-to-reach parts of it (verse 11Now King Ahasuerus laid a tribute on the land and on the coastlands of the sea.). He is the undisputed ruler to whom each one is obliged to give what he asks. “All the accomplishments of his authority and strength” are “written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Media and Persia” (verse 22And all the accomplishments of his authority and strength, and the full account of the greatness of Mordecai to which the king advanced him, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Media and Persia?). What gets special mention in the Book of the Chronicles is “the full account of the greatness of Mordecai to which the king advanced him”.

The reason for this is Mordecai’s place in the realm of this mighty and great ruler. For “Mordecai the Jew” is in that realm “second [only] to King Ahasuerus” (verse 33For Mordecai the Jew was second [only] to King Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews and in favor with his many kinsmen, one who sought the good of his people and one who spoke for the welfare of his whole nation.). Mordecai holds the highest office in the realm. He is second in rank after the king, which is also the case with Joseph, who is second after Pharaoh (Gn 41:40-44). Like Mordecai, Joseph is the savior and protector of the people.

He holds his high office in a way that makes him “great among the Jews“ and through which he is “in favor with his many kinsmen”. Indeed, he is constantly seeking “the good of his people“ and speaking “for the welfare of his whole nation”. He is working for them in such a way that his work is also of use to his offspring.

In this last chapter we clearly see Ahasuerus again as a picture of God and Mordecai as a picture of the Lord Jesus. In the greatness of the king we see the greatness of God. Just as the greatness of the king is expressed in the greatness of Mordecai, so the greatness of God is expressed in the Lord Jesus.

Prophetically we see here a picture of the glorious reign of God and His Christ in the realm of peace. The realm of peace begins after the return of the Lord Jesus to redeem His people and destroy their enemies. Christ’s reign is not limited to Israel, but extends to the ends of the earth, the distant and isolated “coastlands of the sea”.

To the Lord Jesus “all authority has been given” by God (Mt 28:1818And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.). In turn, Christ works through His power that glory and honor be given to the triune God throughout the earth. God gives the dominion over His kingdom into the hands of the Lord Jesus as the Son of man (Dan 7:13-1413“I kept looking in the night visions,
And behold, with the clouds of heaven
One like a Son of Man was coming,
And He came up to the Ancient of Days
And was presented before Him.
14“And to Him was given dominion,
Glory and a kingdom,
That all the peoples, nations and [men of every] language
Might serve Him.
His dominion is an everlasting dominion
Which will not pass away;
And His kingdom is one
Which will not be destroyed.
). After His millennial reign of peace, Christ gives the kingdom back into the hands of God (1Cor 15:24-2824then [comes] the end, when He hands over the kingdom to the God and Father, when He has abolished all rule and all authority and power.25For He must reign until He has put all His enemies under His feet.26The last enemy that will be abolished is death.27For He has put all things in subjection under His feet. But when He says, “All things are put in subjection,” it is evident that He is excepted who put all things in subjection to Him.28When all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One who subjected all things to Him, so that God may be all in all.).

Christ will reign, but He does so in the Name of God the Father (cf. Eph 5:55For this you know with certainty, that no immoral or impure person or covetous man, who is an idolater, has an inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God.; Rev 11:1515Then the seventh angel sounded; and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become [the kingdom] of our Lord and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever.”). He, Who Himself is the eternal Son, is as the Son of man subject to God, He is the second. The kingdom is the kingdom of God, but God has subdued it all under the feet of the Son of man (Heb 2:88You have put all things in subjection under his feet.” For in subjecting all things to him, He left nothing that is not subject to him. But now we do not yet see all things subjected to him.). The Father has also given “Him authority to execute judgment, because He is [the] Son of Man” (Jn 5:2727and He gave Him authority to execute judgment, because He is [the] Son of Man.).

Christ will be respected by the Jews during His reign, as Mordecai is here, for they realize that they owe their salvation to Him. Their outward position is not the greatest, but their lives. They love Him, for He concerned Himself with their fate and has become like them. He calls them His brethren; for that He is not ashamed (Heb 2:1111For both He who sanctifies and those who are sanctified are all from one [Father]; for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren,). He is the true Asher, of whom Moses says: “May he be favored by his brothers” (Deu 33:2424Of Asher he said,
“More blessed than sons is Asher;
May he be favored by his brothers,
And may he dip his foot in oil.
).

He seeks the good for His people. He does everything to please them. This is an example for us. Are we seeking the good for our brothers and sisters? If we seek our own interests and not the interests of the Lord Jesus, their interests disappear from our eyes and hearts (cf. Phil 2:20-2120For I have no one [else] of kindred spirit who will genuinely be concerned for your welfare.21For they all seek after their own interests, not those of Christ Jesus.).

Also in His speaking He is focused on blessing His people. His speaking is not only directed to His people here and now, but also to those who will come in the future. That is what makes His speech so reliable. His Word is for all times. He directs Himself in His speaking both to God and to His people. He speaks to God for His own in view of their life on earth (Rom 8:3434who is the one who condemns? Christ Jesus is He who died, yes, rather who was raised, who is at the right hand of God, who also intercedes for us.). He also speaks to His people that in listening to Him they may receive blessing. Psalm 119 is one great song of praise on the speaking of God and the blessed consequences of listening to Him.

The book does not end with the death of Mordecai, but with a man at the height of power and glory, a man of great stature and great power, while constantly concerned with the welfare of his people. He is one and all activity. He remains in our memory as someone who lives on forever.

The Lord Jesus did indeed pass through death, but became alive for all eternity. He remains for all eternity and is constantly busy for His people: “Because He continues forever, holds His priesthood permanently. Therefore He is able also to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them” (Heb 7:24-2524but Jesus, on the other hand, because He continues forever, holds His priesthood permanently.25Therefore He is able also to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.).

In the way Mordecai has gone, we see the truth of the word that “the path of the righteous is like the light of dawn, that shines brighter and brighter until the full day” (Pro 4:1818But the path of the righteous is like the light of dawn,
That shines brighter and brighter until the full day.
). He has gone the path of the righteous and has reached the full day of glory. This is already the case for the Lord Jesus in glory and will be seen by everyone on His return to earth. Then the full day has come without clouds and He shines like the Sun of righteousness.