Deuteronomy
Introduction 1-4 Caring for the Property of Others 5 Dress Code 6-7 Nest with Mother and Young or Eggs 8 A Parapet for the Roof 9-11 What Does Not Go Together 12 Tassels on the Corners of the Garment 13-21 Accusation of Not Being a Virgin 22 Penalty for Adultery 23-24 Adultery in the City 25-27 Penalty for Rape in the Field 28-29 Sexual Intercourse Before Marriage
Introduction

This chapter concludes a section of the book that started in Deuteronomy 12. Deuteronomy 12-22 are an elaboration of the commandments God has given on the stone tables. In the section of Deuteronomy 12:1-16:18 we see an elaboration of the commandments of the first table that govern the relationship between God and man. The second table is about the relationship between man and his neighbor. This can be seen in the section of Deuteronomy 16:18-22:30.


Caring for the Property of Others

1“You shall not see your countryman’s ox or his sheep straying away, and pay no attention to them; you shall certainly bring them back to your countryman. 2If your countryman is not near you, or if you do not know him, then you shall bring it home to your house, and it shall remain with you until your countryman looks for it; then you shall restore it to him. 3Thus you shall do with his donkey, and you shall do the same with his garment, and you shall do likewise with anything lost by your countryman, which he has lost and you have found. You are not allowed to neglect [them]. 4You shall not see your countryman’s donkey or his ox fallen down on the way, and pay no attention to them; you shall certainly help him to raise [them] up.

Here we see the opposite of “you shall not steal”, namely that we must see to it that our brother does not lose anything. What applies in the case of an enemy (Exo 23:44“If you meet your enemy’s ox or his donkey wandering away, you shall surely return it to him.), applies all the more to a brother. For us, the literal meaning of the ten commandments and its effect is not the first meaning, but the spiritual meaning.

Three times in these verses we read about to pay no attention to neglect something. Not bringing back something our brother has lost and what we see is the same as stealing. We have a responsibility to bring it back. It is an act according to the principle of Matthew 7 (Mt 7:1212“In everything, therefore, treat people the same way you want them to treat you, for this is the Law and the Prophets.), with the difference that this is not based on ourselves, but on our brother. There is no self-interest present. Everything speaks of the care for the fellow brother or sister (cf. Phil 2:2121For they all seek after their own interests, not those of Christ Jesus.) and not what our advantage is.

A brother who has lost an ox or a sheep, has less to sacrifice. We can apply that to a brother who has lost his gratitude. He no longer has a view of the blessing in the heavenly places and sees only his entanglements in the earthly worries. We may give him back his gratitude for what the Lord Jesus has worked. We do this by talking to him about it.

Many Christians have lost sight of the heavenly blessings. These are blessings that are connected with the glorified Man in heaven and the indwelling of the Holy Spirit in the church. Many are – spiritually speaking – far removed from the place where the Lord Jesus is in the midst. They do not know the place of separation. If we meet them, we can give this back to them.

If they are too far away, we can keep it at home, as a picture of the local church. When they come into the house, when they find it after they have searched for it, they get those blessings back. They are their own and actual blessings. Those who look for it will find it again.

The donkey is a pack animal and represents here the service to Christ. The donkey that has been lost speaks of the fact that the service for Christ is no longer performed. This may be the result, for example, of an overly busy job in society or of giving priority to all kinds of earthly things over serving Christ. Due to that, sometimes others have to do more in the kingdom of God than would be necessary. Returning the donkey suggests that someone is given a new view of his call to service.

The garment speaks of the behavior that people see of us. Christian behavior can also be lost. The garment also represents our Christian position. Thus we are clothed with garments of salvation, and a robe of righteousness (Isa 61:1010I will rejoice greatly in the LORD,
My soul will exult in my God;
For He has clothed me with garments of salvation,
He has wrapped me with a robe of righteousness,
As a bridegroom decks himself with a garland,
And as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.
). Many do not know their Christian position. We can tell them about it or wait for the right opportunity to do so.

In verse 44You shall not see your countryman’s donkey or his ox fallen down on the way, and pay no attention to them; you shall certainly help him to raise [them] up., donkey and ox are both a picture of service (verse 1010“You shall not plow with an ox and a donkey together.). A person who wants to do a service for Christ can be so weighed down by it that he succumbs and gives up. If we see that, we should not impose any more burdens on him. It is important to encourage him and to help him to stand up.


Dress Code

5“A woman shall not wear man’s clothing, nor shall a man put on a woman’s clothing; for whoever does these things is an abomination to the LORD your God.

In verses 5-125“A woman shall not wear man’s clothing, nor shall a man put on a woman’s clothing; for whoever does these things is an abomination to the LORD your God.6“If you happen to come upon a bird’s nest along the way, in any tree or on the ground, with young ones or eggs, and the mother sitting on the young or on the eggs, you shall not take the mother with the young;7you shall certainly let the mother go, but the young you may take for yourself, in order that it may be well with you and that you may prolong your days.8“When you build a new house, you shall make a parapet for your roof, so that you will not bring bloodguilt on your house if anyone falls from it.9“You shall not sow your vineyard with two kinds of seed, or all the produce of the seed which you have sown and the increase of the vineyard will become defiled.10“You shall not plow with an ox and a donkey together.11“You shall not wear a material mixed of wool and linen together.12“You shall make yourself tassels on the four corners of your garment with which you cover yourself. it is about the natural aspects of our existence. The first aspect is the distinction between man and woman. God wants this to be visible in the position both occupy and in the behavior of both, of which clothing speaks. It is about public manifestation, of the behavior perceived by others.

It is true that in Christ “there is neither male nor female” (Gal 3:2828There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.). That concerns the position in Christ before God. Here it is about the behavior in the world, about the order of creation of God. This is also what the believers have to deal with: “But I want you to understand that Christ is the head of every man, and the man is the head of a woman” (1Cor 11:33But I want you to understand that Christ is the head of every man, and the man is the head of a woman, and God is the head of Christ.).

It is an abomination to God if the distinction in public manifestation disappears. Everyone has been given his and her special place by God. One is not allowed to take the place God has given to the other. It is about the complete equipment that belongs to the man or woman and is put on by the other person. This change of role is an abomination to God.

God wants the difference in behavior between men and women to be taken into account in His house. In the rules of conduct He has given for His house (1Tim 3:1515but in case I am delayed, [I write] so that you will know how one ought to conduct himself in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and support of the truth.), this difference is clearly expressed: “Therefore I want the men in every place to pray, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and dissension. Likewise, [I want] women to adorn themselves with proper clothing, modestly and discreetly, not with braided hair and gold or pearls or costly garments, but rather by means of good works, as is proper for women making a claim to godliness. A woman must quietly receive instruction with entire submissiveness. But I do not allow a woman to teach or exercise authority over a man, but to remain quiet. For it was Adam who was first created, [and] then Eve. And [it was] not Adam [who] was deceived, but the woman being deceived, fell into transgression” (1Tim 2:8-148Therefore I want the men in every place to pray, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and dissension.9Likewise, [I want] women to adorn themselves with proper clothing, modestly and discreetly, not with braided hair and gold or pearls or costly garments,10but rather by means of good works, as is proper for women making a claim to godliness.11A woman must quietly receive instruction with entire submissiveness.12But I do not allow a woman to teach or exercise authority over a man, but to remain quiet.13For it was Adam who was first created, [and] then Eve.14And [it was] not Adam [who] was deceived, but the woman being deceived, fell into transgression.). The pursuit of emancipation in the world, which has also nestled itself in Christianity, does not change these indications.


Nest with Mother and Young or Eggs

6“If you happen to come upon a bird’s nest along the way, in any tree or on the ground, with young ones or eggs, and the mother sitting on the young or on the eggs, you shall not take the mother with the young; 7you shall certainly let the mother go, but the young you may take for yourself, in order that it may be well with you and that you may prolong your days.

By the addition “that it may be well with you and that you may prolong your days”, there is a connection between this regulation and the fifth commandment, that of honoring father and mother. A similar addition is given to the fifth commandment (Deu 5:1616‘Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD your God has commanded you, that your days may be prolonged and that it may go well with you on the land which the LORD your God gives you.). In the application we can see the relationship between the elderly and the young in the church. There are fathers, young men and little children (1Jn 2:1313I am writing to you, fathers, because you know Him who has been from the beginning. I am writing to you, young men, because you have overcome the evil one. I have written to you, children, because you know the Father.). Older and younger believers are brothers of each other, but there is also a distinction in spiritual growth.

In this regulation we can learn something from motherly feelings. God knows motherly affections: “As one whom his mother comforts, so I will comfort you; And you will be comforted in Jerusalem” (Isa 66:1313“As one whom his mother comforts, so I will comfort you;
And you will be comforted in Jerusalem.”
). The apostle Paul and his associates also have these: “But we proved to be gentle among you, as a nursing [mother] tenderly cares for her own children” (1Thes 2:77But we proved to be gentle among you, as a nursing [mother] tenderly cares for her own children.). In the church, these motherly feelings should not be absent. God’s intention is that motherly feelings should be able to express themselves freely and that the fruit of motherly feelings should be enjoyed. This promotes the quality and duration of life in the land.


A Parapet for the Roof

8“When you build a new house, you shall make a parapet for your roof, so that you will not bring bloodguilt on your house if anyone falls from it.

When building a new house, attention should be paid to the safety of those who come into that house. The builder must take into account others. He has to make sure that residents and visitors of the house do not get killed by accident.

Motherly feelings should not be at the expense of safety. The construction of a parapet on the roof of the house – an elevated part around the roof, a safety wall, to prevent anyone from falling off the roof – is also an activity that comes from the care of a mother. We can apply that to spiritual activity in teaching believers about their behavior in the house of God. It can be about believers who come new to a local church. It may also involve establishing a new local church.

In that situation, believers must be taken into account that they will not stumble. Paul exhorts us not to become a stumbling block, that is to say to do nothing that tempts another to sin (1Cor 8:99But take care that this liberty of yours does not somehow become a stumbling block to the weak.). He also applies this to himself (1Cor 8:1313Therefore, if food causes my brother to stumble, I will never eat meat again, so that I will not cause my brother to stumble.). Having such a mind ensures the wellbeing of the other person, they are affections in which the other person is central.


What Does Not Go Together

9“You shall not sow your vineyard with two kinds of seed, or all the produce of the seed which you have sown and the increase of the vineyard will become defiled. 10“You shall not plow with an ox and a donkey together. 11“You shall not wear a material mixed of wool and linen together.

These verses deal with the prohibition of mixing things that should not be mixed. Three things are mentioned:
1. the vineyard, which speaks of joy,
2. plowing with an ox and a donkey together, which speaks of the service to the Lord,
3. a garment of a material mixed of wool and linen together, which speaks of behavior.
Here we find pictures of what Paul says in the second letter to the Corinthians: “Do not be bound together with unbelievers; for what partnership have righteousness and lawlessness, or what fellowship has light with darkness? Or what harmony has Christ with Belial, or what has a believer in common with an unbeliever? Or what agreement has the temple of God with idols?” (2Cor 6:14-16a14Do not be bound together with unbelievers; for what partnership have righteousness and lawlessness, or what fellowship has light with darkness?15Or what harmony has Christ with Belial, or what has a believer in common with an unbeliever?16Or what agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we are the temple of the living God; just as God said, “I will dwell in them and walk among them; And I will be their God, and they shall be My people.).

The sowing has to do with the sowing of the Word of God. “The seed is the Word of God” (Lk 8:1111“Now the parable is this: the seed is the word of God.). That must be pure and only God’s Word and must not be mixed with a word of men. The preaching of the Word must be balanced. For example, both God’s love and God’s holiness must be spoken of. A one-sided preaching with all emphasis only on God’s holiness or only on God’s love is wrong seed.

It is also wrong seed, for example, if Christians are told to bear political responsibility. We should not, on the one hand, teach the depravity of the flesh and, on the other, point to means that are in fact tantamount to restoring the flesh.

Here it is about the seed for a vineyard. We see in this the picture that a right, balanced preaching of the Word will promote the joy of fellowship with God and the Lord Jesus, the Father and the Son, “so that our joy may be made complete” (1Jn 1:44These things we write, so that our joy may be made complete.). To know this true joy, only good and unmixed seed, that is “the living and enduring word of God” (1Pet 1:2323for you have been born again not of seed which is perishable but imperishable, [that is], through the living and enduring word of God.), must be sown.

If two varieties of seed are sown, the increase of the vineyard will become defiled. The increase must be excluded from consumption and is a loss. The expected ‘joy’ is not that in which God can share.

It is forbidden to plow with an ox and a donkey together. This represents doing a work together for the Lord. An ox is a clean animal and a donkey is an unclean animal. Its application we see in the above mentioned word of Paul in 2 Corinthians 6 (2Cor 6:1414Do not be bound together with unbelievers; for what partnership have righteousness and lawlessness, or what fellowship has light with darkness?). A believer cannot do a work for the Lord together with an unbeliever.

Wool and linen shall not be used together for the purpose of making one garment out of them (cf. Lev 19:1919‘You are to keep My statutes. You shall not breed together two kinds of your cattle; you shall not sow your field with two kinds of seed, nor wear a garment upon you of two kinds of material mixed together.; Zep 1:88“Then it will come about on the day of the LORD’S sacrifice
That I will punish the princes, the king’s sons
And all who clothe themselves with foreign garments.
). Wool is good and linen is good, but not to be mixed together. Linen has to do with the service in the sanctuary. We see this in the linen in the curtains and court of the tabernacle and the linen clothes of the priests (Exo 26:99You shall join five curtains by themselves and the [other] six curtains by themselves, and you shall double over the sixth curtain at the front of the tent.; 28:4b-54These are the garments which they shall make: a breastpiece and an ephod and a robe and a tunic of checkered work, a turban and a sash, and they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons, that he may minister as priest to Me.5They shall take the gold and the blue and the purple and the scarlet [material] and the fine linen.). However, there is no room for wool in this service (Eze 44:1717It shall be that when they enter at the gates of the inner court, they shall be clothed with linen garments; and wool shall not be on them while they are ministering in the gates of the inner court and in the house.).

Wool reflects the natural warmth of the animal. Natural feelings are not wrong. They have their own place. But they must be put aside in what has to do with the sanctuary. There the service must be done according to the what Scripture says about it and not according to human feelings. It is not about a service that makes us feel comfortable with, but about what makes God feel comfortable with. This is fulfilled if we follow the instructions of His Word.


Tassels on the Corners of the Garment

12“You shall make yourself tassels on the four corners of your garment with which you cover yourself.

The four corners of the garment are related to the whole of our conduct in all contacts to produce spiritual fruit in it. Here there is no question of a cord of blue (Num 15:3838“Speak to the sons of Israel, and tell them that they shall make for themselves tassels on the corners of their garments throughout their generations, and that they shall put on the tassel of each corner a cord of blue.), for the precepts in this book refer to the land and not to the wilderness. We are not in the wilderness anymore; we are in the land. Spiritually speaking, therefore, we do not need the memory of heaven, the cord of blue. If we are heavenly minded, this is reflected in all our actions.


Accusation of Not Being a Virgin

13“If any man takes a wife and goes in to her and [then] turns against her, 14and charges her with shameful deeds and publicly defames her, and says, ‘I took this woman, [but] when I came near her, I did not find her a virgin,’ 15then the girl’s father and her mother shall take and bring out the [evidence] of the girl’s virginity to the elders of the city at the gate. 16The girl’s father shall say to the elders, ‘I gave my daughter to this man for a wife, but he turned against her; 17and behold, he has charged her with shameful deeds, saying, “I did not find your daughter a virgin.” But this is the evidence of my daughter’s virginity.’ And they shall spread the garment before the elders of the city. 18So the elders of that city shall take the man and chastise him, 19and they shall fine him a hundred [shekels] of silver and give it to the girl’s father, because he publicly defamed a virgin of Israel. And she shall remain his wife; he cannot divorce her all his days. 20“But if this charge is true, that the girl was not found a virgin, 21then they shall bring out the girl to the doorway of her father’s house, and the men of her city shall stone her to death because she has committed an act of folly in Israel by playing the harlot in her father’s house; thus you shall purge the evil from among you.

The marriage relationship is the most expressive of how we act with regard to heavenly things. The situations Moses presents here are all deviations from God’s blueprint for marriage. They show what man is capable of in the most intimate relationship. The marriage relationship is a picture of the connection between God and His earthly people Israel, and also of the connection between the Lord Jesus and the church, the heavenly people.

There are practical and spiritual lessons to be learned for us personally and for the church. In verse 1313“If any man takes a wife and goes in to her and [then] turns against her, it becomes immediately clear what the order is: first marry and only then sexual intercourse. Sexual intercourse can only exist if man and woman first are a married couple. All sexual intercourse outside being a married couple is fornication.

In verses 13-2113“If any man takes a wife and goes in to her and [then] turns against her,14and charges her with shameful deeds and publicly defames her, and says, ‘I took this woman, [but] when I came near her, I did not find her a virgin,’15then the girl’s father and her mother shall take and bring out the [evidence] of the girl’s virginity to the elders of the city at the gate.16The girl’s father shall say to the elders, ‘I gave my daughter to this man for a wife, but he turned against her;17and behold, he has charged her with shameful deeds, saying, “I did not find your daughter a virgin.” But this is the evidence of my daughter’s virginity.’ And they shall spread the garment before the elders of the city.18So the elders of that city shall take the man and chastise him,19and they shall fine him a hundred [shekels] of silver and give it to the girl’s father, because he publicly defamed a virgin of Israel. And she shall remain his wife; he cannot divorce her all his days.20“But if this charge is true, that the girl was not found a virgin,21then they shall bring out the girl to the doorway of her father’s house, and the men of her city shall stone her to death because she has committed an act of folly in Israel by playing the harlot in her father’s house; thus you shall purge the evil from among you. the case occurs of a man who gets an aversion from his wife. He accuses her of previous fellowship with another man. The accusation may be false. This will become clear when the girl’s parents can provide the evidence of her innocence. In that case, the man is disciplined, has to pay a fine and may never send her away.

If the accusation turns out to be true, the girl must be stoned in front of the doorway of her father’s house. Until her marriage she is attached to her father’s house. So, in connection with her father’s house, she committed this act of folly. The fact that the death penalty must be carried out in order to eliminate evil from the midst of Israel shows how seriously God takes this act of folly.

The prescription in these verses is a protection against false accusation by the man. The prescription ensures that a man does not deal with his wife out of arbitrariness. With such a regulation, he will be careful to falsely blame his wife.

We can apply these verses to the relationship between God and His people. It is a question of becoming manifest whether His people are faithful to Him or unfaithful. For God this is not a question. Of course He knows that perfectly. For Him, there is no need for such a search. He certainly does not act arbitrarily.

The question is whether our spiritual parents – not we ourselves – can provide the proofs of our loyalty to God or not. If we have surrendered to things that are not connected with Christ, the proofs of our ‘virginity’ cannot be provided. The opposite will be the case. Unfaithfulness is in connection with our past life, without God and without Christ. This should be recognized and judged as such. Virginity represents a principle that applies to every believer. It means that there is no fellowship with persons or teachings who are not in fellowship with Christ (Rev 14:44These are the ones who have not been defiled with women, for they have kept themselves chaste. These [are] the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These have been purchased from among men as first fruits to God and to the Lamb.; 2Cor 11:2-32For I am jealous for you with a godly jealousy; for I betrothed you to one husband, so that to Christ I might present you [as] a pure virgin.3But I am afraid that, as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness, your minds will be led astray from the simplicity and purity [of devotion] to Christ.).

Christ will soon tell the false church that it she not virginal. The false Christian church, the great Babylon, the roman catholic church, which pretends to be the bride of Christ, is called “the great whore” and “the mother of the whores” (Rev 17:1,51Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and spoke with me, saying, “Come here, I will show you the judgment of the great harlot who sits on many waters,5and on her forehead a name [was] written, a mystery, “BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.”). The false accusations against those who wish to be faithful to the Lord will then turn out to be unfounded. Proof will be provided.


Penalty for Adultery

22“If a man is found lying with a married woman, then both of them shall die, the man who lay with the woman, and the woman; thus you shall purge the evil from Israel.

Here is no suspicion, but someone is caught in adultery. The sin of adultery and fornication demands discipline. In Israel this means death, which brings an end to life in the land and the enjoyment of its blessing. In the church it means being removed from among the church, both from the Lord’s Supper and from other forms of fellowship (1Cor 5:13b13But those who are outside, God judges. Remove the wicked man from among yourselves.).

Excommunication by the church has for a purpose that the sinner will repent, confess and break with sin. After this, the discipline can be undone, forgiveness can be pronounced, and there can be a return to the fellowship of the believers: “Sufficient for such a one is this punishment which [was inflicted] by the majority, so that on the contrary you should rather forgive and comfort [him], otherwise such a one might be overwhelmed by excessive sorrow. Wherefore I urge you to reaffirm [your] love for him” (2Cor 2:6-86Sufficient for such a one is this punishment which [was inflicted] by the majority,7so that on the contrary you should rather forgive and comfort [him], otherwise such a one might be overwhelmed by excessive sorrow.8Wherefore I urge you to reaffirm [your] love for him.).


Adultery in the City

23“If there is a girl who is a virgin engaged to a man, and [another] man finds her in the city and lies with her, 24then you shall bring them both out to the gate of that city and you shall stone them to death; the girl, because she did not cry out in the city, and the man, because he has violated his neighbor’s wife. Thus you shall purge the evil from among you.

Those who are engaged have entered into a connection with commitments. The engaged woman is called “his neighbor’s wife” at the end of verse 2424then you shall bring them both out to the gate of that city and you shall stone them to death; the girl, because she did not cry out in the city, and the man, because he has violated his neighbor’s wife. Thus you shall purge the evil from among you.. In the event of unfaithfulness to this existing connection, disciplinary action must be taken. This case views our relationship with the Lord Jesus from the point of view that the wedding of the Lamb has not yet taken place. However, this is not a license to seek still satisfaction in the world and to enter into relationships that push the Lord Jesus to the background. Anything that makes Him jealous is a denial of our connection with Him.

With sexual intercourse of someone who is engaged, there are two situations to be distinguished: unfaithfulness that takes place in the city and unfaithfulness that takes place in the field. When there is sexual intercourse in the city, there is guilt and the woman and the man both must be stoned to death. In case of sexual intercourse in the field, the engaged woman is not guilty and only the man has to die.

If an engaged woman in the city has sexual intercourse with another man, it means that she has contributed to the unfaithfulness. She might have been able to shout. Who knows, there would have been help, because there is a good chance that someone would have reacted on the call for help. In the city, someone who is engaged is not in great danger. It is a safe environment, because there are other people around.

This can be applied to a local church. If someone is part of it, but he allows influences in his life that leads away from Christ, then he deliberately withdraws from the fellowship of the believers. Such a person could have asked for help from fellow believers. To belong to a local church with a corrective effect of spiritual fathers and mothers is a great blessing and gives safeguard for evil. That is the blessing of the city.


Penalty for Rape in the Field

25“But if in the field the man finds the girl who is engaged, and the man forces her and lies with her, then only the man who lies with her shall die. 26But you shall do nothing to the girl; there is no sin in the girl worthy of death, for just as a man rises against his neighbor and murders him, so is this case. 27When he found her in the field, the engaged girl cried out, but there was no one to save her.

Believers are not always in the company of other believers. They also sometimes are in the field, the world. There they can be abused against their will. There are situations in which one cannot always escape corruption. We could think, for example, of believing children with wicked parents or a believing wife who has an unbelieving, hostile husband. They sometimes live in a family situation where impurity still reigns supreme. Wherever help is called for, God’s grace is present.


Sexual Intercourse Before Marriage

28“If a man finds a girl who is a virgin, who is not engaged, and seizes her and lies with her and they are discovered, 29then the man who lay with her shall give to the girl’s father fifty [shekels] of silver, and she shall become his wife because he has violated her; he cannot divorce her all his days.

This is an extramarital sexual intercourse, but without unfaithfulness to an existing connection, either by marriage or by engagement. Nevertheless, this act has consequences. The man is obliged to take her to wife and give the girl’s father a dowry.

It is against God’s will that sexual intercourse happens before marriage. If it happens, then those who have done it must bear the consequences of their deeds. They must not shirk their responsibilities. The man may never send her away. They are connected for life.

[However, see also Exodus 22, which adds to the same case that the father has the right to refuse to allow his daughter to be attached to that man: “If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and lies with her, he must pay a dowry for her [to be] his wife. If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money equal to the dowry for virgins” (Exo 22:16-1716“If a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged, and lies with her, he must pay a dowry for her [to be] his wife.17If her father absolutely refuses to give her to him, he shall pay money equal to the dowry for virgins.).]


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