2 Samuel
1 The Song of David 2-4 First Part 5-7 Second Part 8-20 Third Part 21-27 Fourth Part 28-37 Fifth Part 38-49 Sixth Part 50-51 Seventh Part
The Song of David

1And David spoke the words of this song to the LORD in the day that the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul.

When the time to fight is over because one is too old, it is time to sing. When everything around us is gone, God can still be praised. The reason is the deliverance from the power of the enemy through the redemption of the LORD (Psa 34:2020He keeps all his bones,
Not one of them is broken.
). If we want to serve the Lord in faithfulness, we should not be surprised if we have enemies (Jn 15:18-1918“If the world hates you, you know that it has hated Me before [it hated] you.19If you were of the world, the world would love its own; but because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, because of this the world hates you.). We will experience His help and salvation all the more in it, giving us all the more reason to praise Him. We should not wait until we are with the Lord. David did it “in the day that the LORD delivered him”, so immediately after his deliverance. Thus we should do it immediately after we have experienced His help.

This song consists of almost the same words as Psalm 18. In this song we hear from David Who the LORD is for him and what He has done for him. It is a testimony that each of us will be able to give in our own way from the experiences we have had with the Lord. The fact that this song is also included as a psalm in the book of Psalms means that David’s experiences are also recognized and shared by others. These words also express the feelings of those who have been in similar circumstances and have been saved from distress and who want to praise the LORD for it.

Something similar we have in a spiritual song of the believer. A believer can poet a song in which he expresses his feelings for the Lord. He can even set it to music or have it set to music, which sometimes makes the feelings even more penetrating. What emerges in that song is recognized by others. It gives words to the feelings that someone has at that moment and therefore often works enlightenment and joy. This makes something that was first only a personal expression of a faith experience, useful for others to express themselves to God.

There are four ways we can look at this song:
1. In this psalm we see David’s personal experiences. In this way we have here a historical description. It’s about the history of David.
2. We see that David’s history in this psalm is a model for that of Israel. We can think of the redemption from Egypt. What Israel has experienced, David experiences too.
3. We see that everything in this psalm has been fulfilled in the life of the Lord Jesus, the life of the true David. This psalm is therefore an expression of Christ’s feelings. The Spirit of Christ is active in David as he closes this psalm.
4. This psalm expresses the feelings of the remnant of Israel in the future. With them the Lord Jesus connects Himself in the most intimate way.

David commemorates all that God has been to him, all that he has found in Him in his needs and dangers. He looks back on the power of God Who has worked for him and what the blessed result of that power is. All this is expressed in this song, an expression of feelings that are fully present in Christ.

This song, which can be divided into seven parts, begins and ends with praise. It is the story of sadness and suffering that ends in joy and triumph. Because the song reflects past experiences, it can also begin with a praise to the LORD.


First Part

2He said,
“The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer;
3My God, my rock, in whom I take refuge,
My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold and my refuge;
My savior, You save me from violence.
4“I call upon the LORD, who is worthy to be praised,
And I am saved from my enemies.

All the deliverances from the grip of all kinds of enemies and from the hand of Saul in particular bring up in David a hymn of praise, a psalm. He begins by mentioning the LORD with a number of names in verses 2-32He said,
“The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer;
3My God, my rock, in whom I take refuge,
My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold and my refuge;
My savior, You save me from violence.
. All acts of God in the past and promises for the future are based on Who He is. All these names fit in a special way in the context of this song in which it is about fleeing, struggle and victory.

At the same time David makes the LORD a very personal experience through the word “my”. Thus Paul could also speak of God as “my God” (Phil 4:1919And my God will supply all your needs according to His riches in glory in Christ Jesus.). The Lord Jesus also spoke of “My Father” and “My God” (Jn 20:1717Jesus *said to her, “Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, ‘I ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.’”). David praises that Naam because of salvation.


Second Part

5“For the waves of death encompassed me;
The torrents of destruction overwhelmed me;
6The cords of Sheol surrounded me;
The snares of death confronted me.
7“In my distress I called upon the LORD,
Yes, I cried to my God;
And from His temple He heard my voice,
And my cry for help [came] into His ears.

This part describes the feelings of David – and also of the faithful remnant of Israel during the great tribulation – when the enemy was out to kill him. We also see it with the Lord Jesus on the cross. He brings this suffering into the memory of His people when He comes to them. Of the Lord Jesus we read that He “in the days of His flesh, … offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears to the One able to save Him from death” (Heb 5:77In the days of His flesh, He offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears to the One able to save Him from death, and He was heard because of His piety.).

David describes his need and his call for help to “my God”. His distress was so great that he despaired of life, for death was imminent. The enormous powers he saw in front of him went beyond human control. All he could do was call to God, for he had a God to whom he could call. God heard his voice in His palace, the house of His reign. God was not too busy with other things, but had His ears open for the cry of distress of His chosen king.


Third Part

8“Then the earth shook and quaked,
The foundations of heaven were trembling
And were shaken, because He was angry.
9“Smoke went up out of His nostrils,
Fire from His mouth devoured;
Coals were kindled by it.
10“He bowed the heavens also, and came down
With thick darkness under His feet.
11“And He rode on a cherub and flew;
And He appeared on the wings of the wind.
12“And He made darkness canopies around Him,
A mass of waters, thick clouds of the sky.
13“From the brightness before Him
Coals of fire were kindled.
14“The LORD thundered from heaven,
And the Most High uttered His voice.
15“And He sent out arrows, and scattered them,
Lightning, and routed them.
16“Then the channels of the sea appeared,
The foundations of the world were laid bare
By the rebuke of the LORD,
At the blast of the breath of His nostrils.
17“He sent from on high, He took me;
He drew me out of many waters.
18“He delivered me from my strong enemy,
From those who hated me, for they were too strong for me.
19“They confronted me in the day of my calamity,
But the LORD was my support.
20“He also brought me forth into a broad place;
He rescued me, because He delighted in me.

God listens to the call for help in need made in verses 5-75“For the waves of death encompassed me;
The torrents of destruction overwhelmed me;
6The cords of Sheol surrounded me;
The snares of death confronted me.
7“In my distress I called upon the LORD,
Yes, I cried to my God;
And from His temple He heard my voice,
And my cry for help [came] into His ears.
. In verses 8-168“Then the earth shook and quaked,
The foundations of heaven were trembling
And were shaken, because He was angry.
9“Smoke went up out of His nostrils,
Fire from His mouth devoured;
Coals were kindled by it.
10“He bowed the heavens also, and came down
With thick darkness under His feet.
11“And He rode on a cherub and flew;
And He appeared on the wings of the wind.
12“And He made darkness canopies around Him,
A mass of waters, thick clouds of the sky.
13“From the brightness before Him
Coals of fire were kindled.
14“The LORD thundered from heaven,
And the Most High uttered His voice.
15“And He sent out arrows, and scattered them,
Lightning, and routed them.
16“Then the channels of the sea appeared,
The foundations of the world were laid bare
By the rebuke of the LORD,
At the blast of the breath of His nostrils.
David tells how the LORD has answered in His mighty appearance to deliver him and his people. He describes what became visible of God when He began to act in his favor. It made David not distressed, but filled him with awe. That God performed for him! Smoke and fire, wind and water, thunder and lightning, God used all these natural phenomena for his deliverance.

From verse 1616“Then the channels of the sea appeared,
The foundations of the world were laid bare
By the rebuke of the LORD,
At the blast of the breath of His nostrils.
we see various salvations: of Israel from Egypt, of David from the hands of Saul and of the Lord Jesus from the dead in the resurrection. The deliverance by the LORD is expressed by several verbs: “sent from on high”, took me”, “drew me”, “delivered me”, “recued me” (verses 17-2017“He sent from on high, He took me;
He drew me out of many waters.
18“He delivered me from my strong enemy,
From those who hated me, for they were too strong for me.
19“They confronted me in the day of my calamity,
But the LORD was my support.
20“He also brought me forth into a broad place;
He rescued me, because He delighted in me.
). In these verses David experiences the salvation in an almost tangible way.


Fourth Part

21“The LORD has rewarded me according to my righteousness;
According to the cleanness of my hands He has recompensed me.
22“For I have kept the ways of the LORD,
And have not acted wickedly against my God.
23“For all His ordinances [were] before me,
And [as for] His statutes, I did not depart from them.
24“I was also blameless toward Him,
And I kept myself from my iniquity.
25“Therefore the LORD has recompensed me according to my righteousness,
According to my cleanness before His eyes.
26“With the kind You show Yourself kind,
With the blameless You show Yourself blameless;
27With the pure You show Yourself pure,
And with the perverted You show Yourself astute.

This section is about the perfection of the Lord Jesus. David was not perfect. Here David does not speak, but here the prophet speaks of Him Who is truly and only perfect. What David is in perfection, he owes to the LORD; what the Lord Jesus is in perfection, He is personal. By virtue of that, He is King.

The end of verse 2020“He also brought me forth into a broad place;
He rescued me, because He delighted in me.
is the introduction to verses 21-2521“The LORD has rewarded me according to my righteousness;
According to the cleanness of my hands He has recompensed me.
22“For I have kept the ways of the LORD,
And have not acted wickedly against my God.
23“For all His ordinances [were] before me,
And [as for] His statutes, I did not depart from them.
24“I was also blameless toward Him,
And I kept myself from my iniquity.
25“Therefore the LORD has recompensed me according to my righteousness,
According to my cleanness before His eyes.
where David says why God had a pleasure in him and stood up for him. As said, this description in its fullness is only true for the Lord Jesus. Yet this also applies to the believer, whose sins have been reconciled. David does not argue here on the basis of a life without failure. He knows his sins too well. However, he knows, to quote the New Testament, that he is made pleasant in the Beloved (Eph 1:66to the praise of the glory of His grace, which He freely bestowed on us in the Beloved.). If God also acts for his benefit, He does so in accordance with His perfect righteousness. This righteousness comes to the fore in verses 26-2726“With the kind You show Yourself kind,
With the blameless You show Yourself blameless;
27With the pure You show Yourself pure,
And with the perverted You show Yourself astute.
.


Fifth Part

28“And You save an afflicted people;
But Your eyes are on the haughty [whom] You abase.
29“For You are my lamp, O LORD;
And the LORD illumines my darkness.
30“For by You I can run upon a troop;
By my God I can leap over a wall.
31“As for God, His way is blameless;
The word of the LORD is tested;
He is a shield to all who take refuge in Him.
32“For who is God, besides the LORD?
And who is a rock, besides our God?
33“God is my strong fortress;
And He sets the blameless in His way.
34“He makes my feet like hinds’ [feet],
And sets me on my high places.
35“He trains my hands for battle,
So that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
36“You have also given me the shield of Your salvation,
And Your help makes me great.
37“You enlarge my steps under me,
And my feet have not slipped.

The fifth to seventh parts tell about the glorious consequences of the work of the Lord Jesus. In the previous part He is delivered, in the coming part He is the Deliverer.

After David has told who God is and how He has acted in the saving, he sings in verses 28-3728“And You save an afflicted people;
But Your eyes are on the haughty [whom] You abase.
29“For You are my lamp, O LORD;
And the LORD illumines my darkness.
30“For by You I can run upon a troop;
By my God I can leap over a wall.
31“As for God, His way is blameless;
The word of the LORD is tested;
He is a shield to all who take refuge in Him.
32“For who is God, besides the LORD?
And who is a rock, besides our God?
33“God is my strong fortress;
And He sets the blameless in His way.
34“He makes my feet like hinds’ [feet],
And sets me on my high places.
35“He trains my hands for battle,
So that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
36“You have also given me the shield of Your salvation,
And Your help makes me great.
37“You enlarge my steps under me,
And my feet have not slipped.
about Who God is for him. He does so in the knowledge of what he says in verse 3131“As for God, His way is blameless;
The word of the LORD is tested;
He is a shield to all who take refuge in Him.
. Declaring God’s way perfect is the secret of rest in Him. By this we know that God is not getting out of control.

It should be remembered that God’s way always runs parallel to His Word. His Word is pure. We can rely on it. The way God takes with one of His own or with His people as a whole is always in accordance with His Word. When we experience surprises in the way we are going, it is often because we don’t know God’s Word, in which He tells us how He sees things. When we surrender to God in the way He is going with us as the best way and we trust His Word, we hide with Him and He proves Himself as a shield. In short: way, Word, shield and hide, that is what God offers us.

We also hear in these verses a wonderful testimony of the Spirit of Christ in the remnant of Israel. This remnant receives strength to hold out to and overcome all enmity in the great tribulation.


Sixth Part

38“I pursued my enemies and destroyed them,
And I did not turn back until they were consumed.
39“And I have devoured them and shattered them, so that they did not rise;
And they fell under my feet.
40“For You have girded me with strength for battle;
You have subdued under me those who rose up against me.
41“You have also made my enemies turn [their] backs to me,
And I destroyed those who hated me.
42“They looked, but there was none to save;
[Even] to the LORD, but He did not answer them.
43“Then I pulverized them as the dust of the earth;
I crushed [and] stamped them as the mire of the streets.
44“You have also delivered me from the contentions of my people;
You have kept me as head of the nations;
A people whom I have not known serve me.
45“Foreigners pretend obedience to me;
As soon as they hear, they obey me.
46“Foreigners lose heart,
And come trembling out of their fortresses.
47“The LORD lives, and blessed be my rock;
And exalted be God, the rock of my salvation,
48The God who executes vengeance for me,
And brings down peoples under me,
49Who also brings me out from my enemies;
You even lift me above those who rise up against me;
You rescue me from the violent man.

In this sixth part David sings of the consequences of deliverance and the glorious reign of the kingdom of peace. In verses 38-4638“I pursued my enemies and destroyed them,
And I did not turn back until they were consumed.
39“And I have devoured them and shattered them, so that they did not rise;
And they fell under my feet.
40“For You have girded me with strength for battle;
You have subdued under me those who rose up against me.
41“You have also made my enemies turn [their] backs to me,
And I destroyed those who hated me.
42“They looked, but there was none to save;
[Even] to the LORD, but He did not answer them.
43“Then I pulverized them as the dust of the earth;
I crushed [and] stamped them as the mire of the streets.
44“You have also delivered me from the contentions of my people;
You have kept me as head of the nations;
A people whom I have not known serve me.
45“Foreigners pretend obedience to me;
As soon as they hear, they obey me.
46“Foreigners lose heart,
And come trembling out of their fortresses.
we see that God did not defeat the enemies Himself, but He gave David the strength to do so. So it is ultimately God Who did it. Therefore David gives Him all honor in verses 47-4947“The LORD lives, and blessed be my rock;
And exalted be God, the rock of my salvation,
48The God who executes vengeance for me,
And brings down peoples under me,
49Who also brings me out from my enemies;
You even lift me above those who rise up against me;
You rescue me from the violent man.
. In “the violent man” (verse 4949Who also brings me out from my enemies;
You even lift me above those who rise up against me;
You rescue me from the violent man.
) we can see both the antichrist and the king of the north (Dan 11:29-4529“At the appointed time he will return and come into the South, but this last time it will not turn out the way it did before.30For ships of Kittim will come against him; therefore he will be disheartened and will return and become enraged at the holy covenant and take action; so he will come back and show regard for those who forsake the holy covenant.31Forces from him will arise, desecrate the sanctuary fortress, and do away with the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the abomination of desolation.32By smooth [words] he will turn to godlessness those who act wickedly toward the covenant, but the people who know their God will display strength and take action.33Those who have insight among the people will give understanding to the many; yet they will fall by sword and by flame, by captivity and by plunder for [many] days.34Now when they fall they will be granted a little help, and many will join with them in hypocrisy.35Some of those who have insight will fall, in order to refine, purge and make them pure until the end time; because [it is] still [to come] at the appointed time.36“Then the king will do as he pleases, and he will exalt and magnify himself above every god and will speak monstrous things against the God of gods; and he will prosper until the indignation is finished, for that which is decreed will be done.37He will show no regard for the gods of his fathers or for the desire of women, nor will he show regard for any [other] god; for he will magnify himself above [them] all.38But instead he will honor a god of fortresses, a god whom his fathers did not know; he will honor [him] with gold, silver, costly stones and treasures.39He will take action against the strongest of fortresses with [the help] of a foreign god; he will give great honor to those who acknowledge [him] and will cause them to rule over the many, and will parcel out land for a price.40“At the end time the king of the South will collide with him, and the king of the North will storm against him with chariots, with horsemen and with many ships; and he will enter countries, overflow [them] and pass through.41He will also enter the Beautiful Land, and many [countries] will fall; but these will be rescued out of his hand: Edom, Moab and the foremost of the sons of Ammon.42Then he will stretch out his hand against [other] countries, and the land of Egypt will not escape.43But he will gain control over the hidden treasures of gold and silver and over all the precious things of Egypt; and Libyans and Ethiopians [will follow] at his heels.44But rumors from the East and from the North will disturb him, and he will go forth with great wrath to destroy and annihilate many.45He will pitch the tents of his royal pavilion between the seas and the beautiful Holy Mountain; yet he will come to his end, and no one will help him.).


Seventh Part

50“Therefore I will give thanks to You, O LORD, among the nations,
And I will sing praises to Your name.
51“[He] is a tower of deliverance to His king,
And shows lovingkindness to His anointed,
To David and his descendants forever.”

Because of the deliverance he sang in the previous part, David praises the LORD in verse 5050“Therefore I will give thanks to You, O LORD, among the nations,
And I will sing praises to Your name.
. Not only does he do this in an expression toward Him, but he makes His Name great among the nations. David is aware that everything is the result of God’s mercy and faithfulness to His Anointed. This mercy will never fail, because the Anointed, the Lord Jesus, is the Christ, the Man of God’s pleasure. In Him are all the promises of God yes and amen.

Because of “His Anointed” God will also “lovingkindness “mercy … to David and his descendants forever”. What a great prospect. The faithfulness of God to His Anointed is also for us the basis that God will act for our benefit. Nothing in ourselves, everything in Him.


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