When David has calmed his men, he leaves the cave and calls after Saul. It is impressive to see the attitude of David against Saul and how he speaks to him. Despite all the disappearance of the dignity of the kingship of Saul, David continues to honor him as his lord and pays him his respects by bowing before him. He also calls Saul “my father”. It is the opportunity for David, through this event, to show Saul his mind against the false accusations made against him.
He doesn’t even talk about Saul’s attitude towards him. He generously ignores that. He talks about the people who talk to Saul and influence him. It doesn’t make Saul less responsible, but it shows how David tries to win Saul’s heart. David wants to convince Saul that he doesn’t want to destroy him.
He does not boast that he got Saul in his hands, but says that the LORD had given him in his hand. He could have killed him. He tells Saul that his men even strongly urged him to do so, but he didn’t do it. As undeniable proof of his words he shows Saul the edge of his robe. That should convince him that David has nothing bad against him in the sense.
In David’s actions we find a foundation for the lives of the Christian who is wronged. David does not want to take the matter between Saul and him into his own hands. He surrenders it into the hand of the LORD (1Pet 2:2323and while being reviled, He did not revile in return; while suffering, He uttered no threats, but kept entrusting [Himself] to Him who judges righteously;). That hand will meet Saul if he continues like this. David points out to Saul what comes of wickedness. He leaves revenge to the LORD and does not exercise it himself (Rom 12:1919Never take your own revenge, beloved, but leave room for the wrath [of God], for it is written, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord.). The retaliation will come from Him. He sees himself as completely insignificant, a dead dog, a single flea.
After he has said this of himself, David hands over his case once more to the LORD and lets Him decide. He is convinced that the LORD sees it and will look after his cause. The LORD will do him justice and make him stay out of the hand of Saul.