This chapter has four main topics:
1. the line of the high priests (verses 3-15,49-533The children of Amram [were] Aaron, Moses and Miriam. And the sons of Aaron [were] Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.4Eleazar became the father of Phinehas, [and] Phinehas became the father of Abishua,5and Abishua became the father of Bukki, and Bukki became the father of Uzzi,6and Uzzi became the father of Zerahiah, and Zerahiah became the father of Meraioth,7Meraioth became the father of Amariah, and Amariah became the father of Ahitub,8and Ahitub became the father of Zadok, and Zadok became the father of Ahimaaz,9and Ahimaaz became the father of Azariah, and Azariah became the father of Johanan,10and Johanan became the father of Azariah (it was he who served as the priest in the house which Solomon built in Jerusalem),11and Azariah became the father of Amariah, and Amariah became the father of Ahitub,12and Ahitub became the father of Zadok, and Zadok became the father of Shallum,13and Shallum became the father of Hilkiah, and Hilkiah became the father of Azariah,14and Azariah became the father of Seraiah, and Seraiah became the father of Jehozadak;15and Jehozadak went [along] when the LORD carried Judah and Jerusalem away into exile by Nebuchadnezzar.49But Aaron and his sons offered on the altar of burnt offering and on the altar of incense, for all the work of the most holy place, and to make atonement for Israel, according to all that Moses the servant of God had commanded.50These are the sons of Aaron: Eleazar his son, Phinehas his son, Abishua his son,51Bukki his son, Uzzi his son, Zerahiah his son,52Meraioth his son, Amariah his son, Ahitub his son,53Zadok his son, Ahimaaz his son.),
2. the three generations of Levi (verses 16-3016The sons of Levi [were] Gershom, Kohath and Merari.17These are the names of the sons of Gershom: Libni and Shimei.18The sons of Kohath [were] Amram, Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel.19The sons of Merari [were] Mahli and Mushi. And these are the families of the Levites according to their fathers’ [households].20Of Gershom: Libni his son, Jahath his son, Zimmah his son,21Joah his son, Iddo his son, Zerah his son, Jeatherai his son.22The sons of Kohath [were] Amminadab his son, Korah his son, Assir his son,23Elkanah his son, Ebiasaph his son and Assir his son,24Tahath his son, Uriel his son, Uzziah his son and Shaul his son.25The sons of Elkanah [were] Amasai and Ahimoth.26[As for] Elkanah, the sons of Elkanah [were] Zophai his son and Nahath his son,27Eliab his son, Jeroham his son, Elkanah his son.28The sons of Samuel [were] Joel the firstborn, and Abijah the second.29The sons of Merari [were] Mahli, Libni his son, Shimei his son, Uzzah his son,30Shimea his son, Haggiah his son, Asaiah his son.),
3. the singers (verses 31-4831Now these are those whom David appointed over the service of song in the house of the LORD, after the ark rested [there].32They ministered with song before the tabernacle of the tent of meeting, until Solomon had built the house of the LORD in Jerusalem; and they served in their office according to their order.33These are those who served with their sons: From the sons of the Kohathites [were] Heman the singer, the son of Joel, the son of Samuel,34the son of Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Eliel, the son of Toah,35the son of Zuph, the son of Elkanah, the son of Mahath, the son of Amasai,36the son of Elkanah, the son of Joel, the son of Azariah, the son of Zephaniah,37the son of Tahath, the son of Assir, the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah,38the son of Izhar, the son of Kohath, the son of Levi, the son of Israel.39[Heman’s] brother Asaph stood at his right hand, even Asaph the son of Berechiah, the son of Shimea,40the son of Michael, the son of Baaseiah, the son of Malchijah,41the son of Ethni, the son of Zerah, the son of Adaiah,42the son of Ethan, the son of Zimmah, the son of Shimei,43the son of Jahath, the son of Gershom, the son of Levi.44On the left hand [were] their kinsmen the sons of Merari: Ethan the son of Kishi, the son of Abdi, the son of Malluch,45the son of Hashabiah, the son of Amaziah, the son of Hilkiah,46the son of Amzi, the son of Bani, the son of Shemer,47the son of Mahli, the son of Mushi, the son of Merari, the son of Levi.48Their kinsmen the Levites were appointed for all the service of the tabernacle of the house of God.) and
4. the cities where the Levites could live (verses 54-8154Now these are their settlements according to their camps within their borders. To the sons of Aaron of the families of the Kohathites (for theirs was the [first] lot),55to them they gave Hebron in the land of Judah and its pasture lands around it;56but the fields of the city and its villages, they gave to Caleb the son of Jephunneh.57To the sons of Aaron they gave the [following] cities of refuge: Hebron, Libnah also with its pasture lands, Jattir, Eshtemoa with its pasture lands,58Hilen with its pasture lands, Debir with its pasture lands,59Ashan with its pasture lands and Beth-shemesh with its pasture lands;60and from the tribe of Benjamin: Geba with its pasture lands, Allemeth with its pasture lands, and Anathoth with its pasture lands. All their cities throughout their families were thirteen cities.61Then to the rest of the sons of Kohath [were given] by lot, from the family of the tribe, from the half-tribe, the half of Manasseh, ten cities.62To the sons of Gershom, according to their families, [were given] from the tribe of Issachar and from the tribe of Asher, the tribe of Naphtali, and the tribe of Manasseh, thirteen cities in Bashan.63To the sons of Merari [were given] by lot, according to their families, from the tribe of Reuben, the tribe of Gad and the tribe of Zebulun, twelve cities.64So the sons of Israel gave to the Levites the cities with their pasture lands.65They gave by lot from the tribe of the sons of Judah, the tribe of the sons of Simeon and the tribe of the sons of Benjamin, these cities which are mentioned by name.66Now some of the families of the sons of Kohath had cities of their territory from the tribe of Ephraim.67They gave to them the [following] cities of refuge: Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim with its pasture lands, Gezer also with its pasture lands,68Jokmeam with its pasture lands, Beth-horon with its pasture lands,69Aijalon with its pasture lands and Gath-rimmon with its pasture lands;70and from the half-tribe of Manasseh: Aner with its pasture lands and Bileam with its pasture lands, for the rest of the family of the sons of Kohath.71To the sons of Gershom [were given], from the family of the half-tribe of Manasseh: Golan in Bashan with its pasture lands and Ashtaroth with its pasture lands;72and from the tribe of Issachar: Kedesh with its pasture lands, Daberath with its pasture lands73and Ramoth with its pasture lands, Anem with its pasture lands;74and from the tribe of Asher: Mashal with its pasture lands, Abdon with its pasture lands,75Hukok with its pasture lands and Rehob with its pasture lands;76and from the tribe of Naphtali: Kedesh in Galilee with its pasture lands, Hammon with its pasture lands and Kiriathaim with its pasture lands.77To the rest of [the Levites], the sons of Merari, [were given], from the tribe of Zebulun: Rimmono with its pasture lands, Tabor with its pasture lands;78and beyond the Jordan at Jericho, on the east side of the Jordan, [were given them], from the tribe of Reuben: Bezer in the wilderness with its pasture lands, Jahzah with its pasture lands,79Kedemoth with its pasture lands and Mephaath with its pasture lands;80and from the tribe of Gad: Ramoth in Gilead with its pasture lands, Mahanaim with its pasture lands,81Heshbon with its pasture lands and Jazer with its pasture lands.).
In 1 Chronicles 23-26 the service of the Levites is further arranged. Today every believer is a priest (1Pet 2:5a5you also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.; Rev 5:9-109And they *sang a new song, saying, “Worthy are You to take the book and to break its seals; for You were slain, and purchased for God with Your blood [men] from every tribe and tongue and people and nation.10“You have made them [to be] a kingdom and priests to our God; and they will reign upon the earth.”), every believer is a Levite, that is, has a task, a gift (1Cor 12:1111But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as He wills.) and all believers are also singers (Heb 13:1515Through Him then, let us continually offer up a sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of lips that give thanks to His name.).