1 Chronicles
1-9 Sons of David 10-16 Descendants from Solomon to Zedekiah 17-24 Descendants of Jeconiah
Sons of David

1Now these were the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn [was] Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second [was] Daniel, by Abigail the Carmelitess; 2the third [was] Absalom the son of Maacah, the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; the fourth [was] Adonijah the son of Haggith; 3the fifth [was] Shephatiah, by Abital; the sixth [was] Ithream, by his wife Eglah. 4Six were born to him in Hebron, and there he reigned seven years and six months. And in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three years. 5These were born to him in Jerusalem: Shimea, Shobab, Nathan and Solomon, four, by Bath-shua the daughter of Ammiel; 6and Ibhar, Elishama, Eliphelet, 7Nogah, Nepheg and Japhia, 8Elishama, Eliada and Eliphelet, nine. 9All [these were] the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines; and Tamar [was] their sister.

This chapter is entirely dedicated to the family of David. The starting point for his genealogy is Hebron (verse 11Now these were the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn [was] Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second [was] Daniel, by Abigail the Carmelitess;), where he is anointed king by all Israel (1Chr 11:33So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and David made a covenant with them in Hebron before the LORD; and they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the LORD through Samuel.). Hebron also speaks of death: it is the cemetery of among others of Sarah (Gen 23:2,192Sarah died in Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan; and Abraham went in to mourn for Sarah and to weep for her.19After this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field at Machpelah facing Mamre (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan.) and Isaac (Gen 35:2727Jacob came to his father Isaac at Mamre of Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had sojourned.). But of Hebron also Joseph went out to seek his brothers (cf. Gen 37:1414Then he said to him, “Go now and see about the welfare of your brothers and the welfare of the flock, and bring word back to me.” So he sent him from the valley of Hebron, and he came to Shechem.). It is also a city of refuge and a priest city (Jos 21:1313So to the sons of Aaron the priest they gave Hebron, the city of refuge for the manslayer, with its pasture lands, and Libnah with its pasture lands,).

In these verses the sons are named after the places where they were born: Hebron (verses 1-41Now these were the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn [was] Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second [was] Daniel, by Abigail the Carmelitess;2the third [was] Absalom the son of Maacah, the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; the fourth [was] Adonijah the son of Haggith;3the fifth [was] Shephatiah, by Abital; the sixth [was] Ithream, by his wife Eglah.4Six were born to him in Hebron, and there he reigned seven years and six months. And in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three years.) and Jerusalem (verses 5-95These were born to him in Jerusalem: Shimea, Shobab, Nathan and Solomon, four, by Bath-shua the daughter of Ammiel;6and Ibhar, Elishama, Eliphelet,7Nogah, Nepheg and Japhia,8Elishama, Eliada and Eliphelet, nine.9All [these were] the sons of David, besides the sons of the concubines; and Tamar [was] their sister.; 2Sam 3:2-52Sons were born to David at Hebron: his firstborn was Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelitess;3and his second, Chileab, by Abigail the widow of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah, the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur;4and the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital;5and the sixth, Ithream, by David’s wife Eglah. These were born to David at Hebron.; 5:13-1613Meanwhile David took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem, after he came from Hebron; and more sons and daughters were born to David.14Now these are the names of those who were born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon,15Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia,16Elishama, Eliada and Eliphelet.; 13:11Now it was after this that Absalom the son of David had a beautiful sister whose name was Tamar, and Amnon the son of David loved her.). Remarkably, some sons born in Hebron are rejected, such as Amnon, Absalom and Adonijah. Only when the government is definitively established in Jerusalem, does in Solomon the man come to the fore according to God’s counsels.

The place of a person’s birth can be of significance for his later development. This is also important from a spiritual point of view. What education does a newly converted person receive in a local church? Is there building and life in God’s presence? Or is someone getting the wrong food and being given the wrong example?


Descendants from Solomon to Zedekiah

10Now Solomon’s son [was] Rehoboam, Abijah [was] his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son, 11Joram his son, Ahaziah his son, Joash his son, 12Amaziah his son, Azariah his son, Jotham his son, 13Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Manasseh his son, 14Amon his son, Josiah his son. 15The sons of Josiah [were] Johanan the firstborn, and the second [was] Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum. 16The sons of Jehoiakim [were] Jeconiah his son, Zedekiah his son.

In these verses, the descendants of David are listed from Solomon to Zedekiah, that is, as long as the kingdom existed. Zedekiah is the last king of the two tribe realm of Judah. During his reign Judah is led into exile by Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon.


Descendants of Jeconiah

17The sons of Jeconiah, the prisoner, [were] Shealtiel his son, 18and Malchiram, Pedaiah, Shenazzar, Jekamiah, Hoshama and Nedabiah. 19The sons of Pedaiah [were] Zerubbabel and Shimei. And the sons of Zerubbabel [were] Meshullam and Hananiah, and Shelomith [was] their sister; 20and Hashubah, Ohel, Berechiah, Hasadiah and Jushab-hesed, five. 21The sons of Hananiah [were] Pelatiah and Jeshaiah, the sons of Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, the sons of Shecaniah. 22The descendants of Shecaniah [were] Shemaiah, and the sons of Shemaiah: Hattush, Igal, Bariah, Neariah and Shaphat, six. 23The sons of Neariah [were] Elioenai, Hezekiahh and Azrikam, three. 24The sons of Elioenai [were] Hodaviah, Eliashib, Pelaiah, Akkub, Johanan, Delaiah and Anani, seven.

Here are the descendants of David listed who lived during and after the exile. God keeps David’s generation alive even when He can no longer recognize His people as His people and He has given the power of reign to the nations.

The only names we know in this list are those of Sealthiel and his (grand)son Zerubbabel. Led by Zerubbabel, the son of Sealthiel, in reality the grandson, a remnant from Babylon has returned to Israel after seventy years of exile.


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