1 Chronicles
1-5 Voluntary Gifts from David 6-9 Voluntary Gifts from the Rulers 10-13 David Praises the LORD 14-16 Everything Is From and for the LORD 17-19 Prayer for the People and for Solomon 20-21 All the Assembly Praises the LORD 22-25 Solomon Anointed 26-30 David Dies
Voluntary Gifts from David

1Then King David said to the entire assembly, “My son Solomon, whom alone God has chosen, is still young and inexperienced and the work is great; for the temple is not for man, but for the LORD God. 2Now with all my ability I have provided for the house of my God the gold for the [things of] gold, and the silver for the [things of] silver, and the bronze for the [things of] bronze, the iron for the [things of] iron, and wood for the [things of] wood, onyx stones and inlaid [stones], stones of antimony and stones of various colors, and all kinds of precious stones and alabaster in abundance. 3Moreover, in my delight in the house of my God, the treasure I have of gold and silver, I give to the house of my God, over and above all that I have already provided for the holy temple, 4[namely], 3,000 talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir, and 7,000 talents of refined silver, to overlay the walls of the buildings; 5of gold for the [things of] gold and of silver for the [things of] silver, that is, for all the work done by the craftsmen. Who then is willing to consecrate himself this day to the LORD?”

David then addresses “the entire assembly” of Israel (verse 11Then King David said to the entire assembly, “My son Solomon, whom alone God has chosen, is still young and inexperienced and the work is great; for the temple is not for man, but for the LORD God.). He points out to them the youthfulness and inexperience of his son Solomon on the one hand and the greatness and importance of the work of building the temple on the other. The temple is a building “not for man, but for the LORD God”. We too must realize our weakness and incompetence well if we compare our strengths and possibilities with the greatness of the church of the living God. It is nothing less than the house of God.

We know that our body is a temple of the Holy Spirit: “Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and that you are not your own?” (1Cor 6:1919Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and that you are not your own?). Our body, like the temple in Jerusalem, is not for a man, not for ourselves, but for God. When we realize this, we also realize how weak we are to live in accordance with it. Is it our desire to take this into account in all respects?

The same applies to the church which is also the dwelling place of God in the Spirit in its entirety (Eph 2:2222in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit.). This is also being built on. The building of the house of God as the church of the living God takes place today by “evangelists, and … pastors and teachers” (Eph 4:1111And He gave some [as] apostles, and some [as] prophets, and some [as] evangelists, and some [as] pastors and teachers,). Evangelists deliver “living stones” (1Pet 2:55you also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.), while shepherds and teachers teach these stones to take their place in the house. Also education is up(building).

It is important that every builder is aware of the grandeur of the house he is helping to build. Paul puts it this way: “Not that we are adequate in ourselves to consider anything as [coming] from ourselves, but our adequacy is from God, who also made us adequate [as] servants of a new covenant” (2Cor 3:5-6a5Not that we are adequate in ourselves to consider anything as [coming] from ourselves, but our adequacy is from God,6who also made us adequate [as] servants of a new covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit; for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.). Every worker should have this mind in the house of God.

The materials that David has prepared with all his strength for the house of God (verse 22Now with all my ability I have provided for the house of my God the gold for the [things of] gold, and the silver for the [things of] silver, and the bronze for the [things of] bronze, the iron for the [things of] iron, and wood for the [things of] wood, onyx stones and inlaid [stones], stones of antimony and stones of various colors, and all kinds of precious stones and alabaster in abundance.) represent something of God. In gold we see God’s glory; in silver the price paid for the atonement; the bronze is a picture of the righteousness of God shown in judgment; the iron represents God’s power (which is perfected in our weakness). David did his contribution out of love.

David mentions what he himself contributed from his own possessions (verses 3-5a3Moreover, in my delight in the house of my God, the treasure I have of gold and silver, I give to the house of my God, over and above all that I have already provided for the holy temple,4[namely], 3,000 talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir, and 7,000 talents of refined silver, to overlay the walls of the buildings;5of gold for the [things of] gold and of silver for the [things of] silver, that is, for all the work done by the craftsmen. Who then is willing to consecrate himself this day to the LORD?”). For us, we can contribute to the building of the church by working for it with the capacities and resources at our disposal. By the way, we got it exactly to use it for the building of God’s house. The question is whether we are prepared to use them for this purpose. This question is put to us: “Who then is willing to consecrate himself this day to the LORD?” (verse 5b5of gold for the [things of] gold and of silver for the [things of] silver, that is, for all the work done by the craftsmen. Who then is willing to consecrate himself this day to the LORD?”).

David does everything and gives everything because he loves God’s habitation (Psa 26:8a8O LORD, I love the habitation of Your house
And the place where Your glory dwells.
). He calls the house of God three times “the house of my God” (verses 2-32Now with all my ability I have provided for the house of my God the gold for the [things of] gold, and the silver for the [things of] silver, and the bronze for the [things of] bronze, the iron for the [things of] iron, and wood for the [things of] wood, onyx stones and inlaid [stones], stones of antimony and stones of various colors, and all kinds of precious stones and alabaster in abundance.3Moreover, in my delight in the house of my God, the treasure I have of gold and silver, I give to the house of my God, over and above all that I have already provided for the holy temple,). He loves that house, because it is the house of his God. We can compare his love for God’s house with the love Christ has for his church (Eph 5:2525Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself up for her,), which is also “the church of God” (Acts 20:2828Be on guard for yourselves and for all the flock, among which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood.). We can also take David as an example for ourselves. If we love the church, we will give everything for our brothers and sisters, because they are loved by God (2Thes 2:1313But we should always give thanks to God for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God has chosen you from the beginning for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and faith in the truth.; cf. 1Jn 3:16a16We know love by this, that He laid down His life for us; and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.).

David has lost nothing of his enthusiasm for God’s house. As he used to dance before the ark (2Sam 6:1414And David was dancing before the LORD with all [his] might, and David was wearing a linen ephod.), so he is full of God’s dwelling place here. He is in this an example for the whole people. After giving the example of giving for God’s house David asks who is willing to give. We can only ask others to do something for the Lord if we do so ourselves.

The expression “to consecrate himself” is literally “to fill his hand”, an expression used in the ordination of Aaron and his sons (Exo 28:4141You shall put them on Aaron your brother and on his sons with him; and you shall anoint them and ordain them and consecrate them, that they may serve Me as priests.). The words “ordain them” used there literally are “fill their hand”. Here we see that giving for the building of God’s house is on the same level as being ordained a priest. That is how high God praises giving for His house.


Voluntary Gifts from the Rulers

6Then the rulers of the fathers’ [households], and the princes of the tribes of Israel, and the commanders of thousands and of hundreds, with the overseers over the king’s work, offered willingly; 7and for the service for the house of God they gave 5,000 talents and 10,000 darics of gold, and 10,000 talents of silver, and 18,000 talents of brass, and 100,000 talents of iron. 8Whoever possessed [precious] stones gave them to the treasury of the house of the LORD, in care of Jehiel the Gershonite. 9Then the people rejoiced because they had offered so willingly, for they made their offering to the LORD with a whole heart, and King David also rejoiced greatly.

David’s good example and moves the hearts and hands of the heads of the families and leaders of the people (verses 6-76Then the rulers of the fathers’ [households], and the princes of the tribes of Israel, and the commanders of thousands and of hundreds, with the overseers over the king’s work, offered willingly;7and for the service for the house of God they gave 5,000 talents and 10,000 darics of gold, and 10,000 talents of silver, and 18,000 talents of brass, and 100,000 talents of iron.). They also give voluntarily. Good example does follow well and love does give. At the building of the tabernacle we see the same willingness (Exo 35:20-2920Then all the congregation of the sons of Israel departed from Moses’ presence.21Everyone whose heart stirred him and everyone whose spirit moved him came [and] brought the LORD’s contribution for the work of the tent of meeting and for all its service and for the holy garments.22Then all whose hearts moved them, both men and women, came [and] brought brooches and earrings and signet rings and bracelets, all articles of gold; so [did] every man who presented an offering of gold to the LORD.23Every man, who had in his possession blue and purple and scarlet [material] and fine linen and goats’ [hair] and rams’ skins dyed red and porpoise skins, brought them.24Everyone who could make a contribution of silver and bronze brought the LORD’s contribution; and every man who had in his possession acacia wood for any work of the service brought it.25All the skilled women spun with their hands, and brought what they had spun, [in] blue and purple [and] scarlet [material] and [in] fine linen.26All the women whose heart stirred with a skill spun the goats’ [hair].27The rulers brought the onyx stones and the stones for setting for the ephod and for the breastpiece;28and the spice and the oil for the light and for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense.29The Israelites, all the men and women, whose heart moved them to bring [material] for all the work, which the LORD had commanded through Moses to be done, brought a freewill offering to the LORD.).

The precious stones are given for the treasury of the temple and thus entrusted to the care of the Gershonite Jehiel (verse 88Whoever possessed [precious] stones gave them to the treasury of the house of the LORD, in care of Jehiel the Gershonite.). It says of the descendants of Jehiel that they are in charge of the treasures of the temple (1Chr 26:20-2220The Levites, their relatives, had charge of the treasures of the house of God and of the treasures of the dedicated gifts.21The sons of Ladan, the sons of the Gershonites belonging to Ladan, [namely], the Jehielites, [were] the heads of the fathers’ [households], belonging to Ladan the Gershonite.22The sons of Jehieli, Zetham and Joel his brother, had charge of the treasures of the house of the LORD.). Precious stones all have a different color. A precious stone speaks of the believer who in his own unique way reflects something of the manifold glory of Christ. The Lord Jesus gives His gifts to the church to ensure that the believers reflect that glory. Every reflection of Christ in His own is a contribution to the treasures of God’s house.

Giving by the leaders brings joy in its turn with the people (verse 99Then the people rejoiced because they had offered so willingly, for they made their offering to the LORD with a whole heart, and King David also rejoiced greatly.). From David we read that he rejoices “greatly”. True leaders set a good example for the commitment to God’s house to promote its building and furnishing. This commitment is ‘highly appreciated’ by the Lord Jesus. It is a joy for His heart when He sees that we are committed to the house of God, when it has priority in our lives because it has priority for God. He would like us to work hard to ensure that everything in the church answers to Who He is and that only God’s honor has a place there.

The gifts are done “for the service for the house of God” (verse 77and for the service for the house of God they gave 5,000 talents and 10,000 darics of gold, and 10,000 talents of silver, and 18,000 talents of brass, and 100,000 talents of iron.), for “the treasury of the house of the LORD” (verse 88Whoever possessed [precious] stones gave them to the treasury of the house of the LORD, in care of Jehiel the Gershonite.) and “to the LORD” (verse 99Then the people rejoiced because they had offered so willingly, for they made their offering to the LORD with a whole heart, and King David also rejoiced greatly.). This shows in an impressive way how in their giving both the house of the LORD and He Himself stands before the attention. It is about Him and His house.

This also applies to the church today. In all things, the Lord and His church should come first. It is to be hoped that it is also the case with us as Paul says of the church in Macedonia: “They first gave themselves to the Lord and [then] to us by the will of God” (2Cor 8:55and [this], not as we had expected, but they first gave themselves to the Lord and to us by the will of God.).


David Praises the LORD

10So David blessed the LORD in the sight of all the assembly; and David said, “Blessed are You, O LORD God of Israel our father, forever and ever. 11Yours, O LORD, is the greatness and the power and the glory and the victory and the majesty, indeed everything that is in the heavens and the earth; Yours is the dominion, O LORD, and You exalt Yourself as head over all. 12Both riches and honor [come] from You, and You rule over all, and in Your hand is power and might; and it lies in Your hand to make great and to strengthen everyone. 13Now therefore, our God, we thank You, and praise Your glorious name.

When David sees all this voluntarism, it brings him to a hymn of praise to the LORD. He calls him “God of Israel our father”. With this he emphasizes God as the God of promises, the God Who does what He has promised, and Israel as the people He has blessed. The praise for what has been given can only be sung when we realize that everything we give is of God and comes from Him.

In his praise David does not tell God what he and the princes have given, but what God has given. He attributes to God unlimited greatness
1. in time: “forever and ever” (verse 1010So David blessed the LORD in the sight of all the assembly; and David said, “Blessed are You, O LORD God of Israel our father, forever and ever.),
2. in space: “in the heavens and the earth” (verse 11a11Yours, O LORD, is the greatness and the power and the glory and the victory and the majesty, indeed everything that is in the heavens and the earth; Yours is the dominion, O LORD, and You exalt Yourself as head over all.); and
3. in authority: ‘raised as head above all things’ (verse 11b11Yours, O LORD, is the greatness and the power and the glory and the victory and the majesty, indeed everything that is in the heavens and the earth; Yours is the dominion, O LORD, and You exalt Yourself as head over all.).
All belongs to the LORD, He has all power, and all things come from Him.

When people are big and strong, it is through Him. It enables them to create great works. In everything He enables, His glorious Name becomes visible. Whenever and wherever that Name is visible and perceived, there can be nothing but praise to Him.


Everything Is From and for the LORD

14“But who am I and who are my people that we should be able to offer as generously as this? For all things come from You, and from Your hand we have given You. 15For we are sojourners before You, and tenants, as all our fathers were; our days on the earth are like a shadow, and there is no hope. 16O LORD our God, all this abundance that we have provided to build You a house for Your holy name, it is from Your hand, and all is Yours.

Opposite the majesty of the LORD David humbles himself. He pronounces it: “Who am I?” His life has been a chain of misery. Saul who wanted to get rid of him, his adultery with Bathsheba, his murder of Uriah, his sons’ revolt against him and their rivalry among themselves. He also knows the people over whom he has been king when he says: “Who are my people?” In the light of all this, he is overwhelmed by the work of God’s grace in his heart and in the heart of his people.

What we give, we may give back, overwhelmed by His blessings. The reason to the hymn of praise is the awareness of the smallness of oneself against the greatness and majesty of God, His goodness and blessings. In this case, it is not about smallness due to one’s own badness. The heart of David is humble. He is only a hatch. We have nothing that we have not received (1Cor 4:7a7For who regards you as superior? What do you have that you did not receive? And if you did receive it, why do you boast as if you had not received it?). Everything are borrowed goods. We give it to Him because it belongs to Him.

This applies not only to our possessions, but also to our willingness to serve and worship Him. What we give and the mind in which we give, both come from Him, they are worked by Him in our hearts. There is nothing we can boast of. All glory is from Him and through Him and to Him.

It is a beautiful sight: this old saint, so used and honored by God, sees himself at the end of his life as totally null and humble. There is no glory with David for everything he has done and accomplished. How many people boast of all their achievements precisely at the end of their lives.

David compares the brevity of life with “a shadow”. We have other comparisons in God’s Word regarding the brevity of life:
1. James speaks about life as “a vapor” (Jam 4:1414Yet you do not know what your life will be like tomorrow. You are [just] a vapor that appears for a little while and then vanishes away.).
2. Peter compares life to “the flower of grass” (1Pet 1:2424For, “All flesh is like grass, And all its glory like the flower of grass. The grass withers, And the flower falls off,).
3. Job says of his days: “My days are swifter than a weaver’s shuttle” (Job 7:66“My days are swifter than a weaver’s shuttle,
And come to an end without hope.
).
4. David also says that the LORD made his days “[as] handbreadths” and that “every man at his best is a mere breath” (Psa 39:55“Behold, You have made my days [as] handbreadths,
And my lifetime as nothing in Your sight;
Surely every man at his best is a mere breath. Selah.
).

It is important that we realize that there is no strength in us. All strength is with God and we are totally dependent on Him. Also what we give, we can only give because He gave us first. This means that everything that is useful to God’s house must be of Divine origin. We may have good ideas for the functioning of the church, but the question is where these ideas come from.

We must therefore always apply the test of the Word of God to know whether a particular contribution or change we desire comes from God and has His approval. This will save us from introducing things that put man and his experience central, rather than the Lord Jesus and His honor.

The truth that everything we have comes from God is the basis for the teaching of stewardship. We must always and in all things remember that everything belongs to Him (Psa 24:11A Psalm of David.
The earth is the LORD’S, and all it contains,
The world, and those who dwell in it.
) and that this means that what we have is temporarily entrusted to us and that we have it to use for Him. We are His slaves (Lk 17:1010So you too, when you do all the things which are commanded you, say, ‘We are unworthy slaves; we have done [only] that which we ought to have done.’”).

The Lord gives us things to make us know the joy that comes from giving to Him. God Himself needs nothing (Psa 50:10-1210“For every beast of the forest is Mine,
The cattle on a thousand hills.
11“I know every bird of the mountains,
And everything that moves in the field is Mine.
12“If I were hungry I would not tell you,
For the world is Mine, and all it contains.
). When we give, we do what He does, for He is the great Giver. He has given everything in that supreme gift, His Son, the Lord Jesus. God has given Him out of love for the world (Jn 3:1616“For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.). Shall we not say from the bottom of our hearts: “Thanks be to God for His indescribable gift!” (2Cor 9:1515Thanks be to God for His indescribable gift!)?


Prayer for the People and for Solomon

17Since I know, O my God, that You try the heart and delight in uprightness, I, in the integrity of my heart, have willingly offered all these [things]; so now with joy I have seen Your people, who are present here, make [their] offerings willingly to You. 18O LORD, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Israel, our fathers, preserve this forever in the intentions of the heart of Your people, and direct their heart to You; 19and give to my son Solomon a perfect heart to keep Your commandments, Your testimonies and Your statutes, and to do [them] all, and to build the temple, for which I have made provision.”

David knows that with God, whom he calls “my God”, it is about the heart (verse 1717Since I know, O my God, that You try the heart and delight in uprightness, I, in the integrity of my heart, have willingly offered all these [things]; so now with joy I have seen Your people, who are present here, make [their] offerings willingly to You.). From his personal relationship with God, he knows that God sees “the integrity” of his heart. He expresses to God his joy because of the voluntariness of the people. This is an important indication for us to thank the Lord especially for what He does in others. At the same time we must pray, as David does, that such a mind will always remain in the other person's heart (verse 1818O LORD, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Israel, our fathers, preserve this forever in the intentions of the heart of Your people, and direct their heart to You;). It will also be necessary to pray for ourselves. It is important to pray that the heart is turned toward the Lord Jesus, as David does for the people.

It is always about the heart. David also prays for his son that the LORD will give him “a perfect heart” to do what He says (verse 1919and give to my son Solomon a perfect heart to keep Your commandments, Your testimonies and Your statutes, and to do [them] all, and to build the temple, for which I have made provision.”). He does not pray for his son that God will make him rich, or learned, or great. His prayer is that his heart will forever be completely devoted to the LORD.

This will be expressed in
1. obedience to God’s commandments and then in
2. the performance of the task assigned to him.
Here we see an important order. First obedience is mentioned and then the works. Obedience is a mind. If the good mind is present, there can also be worked well. Let us pray this prayer of David for his son also for our children.


All the Assembly Praises the LORD

20Then David said to all the assembly, “Now bless the LORD your God.” And all the assembly blessed the LORD, the God of their fathers, and bowed low and did homage to the LORD and to the king. 21On the next day they made sacrifices to the LORD and offered burnt offerings to the LORD, 1,000 bulls, 1,000 rams [and] 1,000 lambs, with their drink offerings and sacrifices in abundance for all Israel.

After David has praised the LORD, he calls upon the people to praise the LORD. That is what the people do. They kneel and bow down before Him and also before David the king. The king is the representative of the LORD. Their praise is followed by an abundance of sacrifices. The hearts of the people are so filled with God’s greatness and grace that they spontaneously bring Him an abundance of sacrifices and burnt offerings with drink offerings.

If we are full of all that God has done in our lives and what He still does in His church today, we will glorify Him and make Him great. We do this by telling Him much about the Lord Jesus, for He is the Sacrifice that is represented in all these sacrifices (Heb 10:5-105Therefore, when He comes into the world, He says, “Sacrifice and offering You have not desired, But a body You have prepared for Me;6In whole burnt offerings and [sacrifices] for sin You have taken no pleasure.7“Then I said, ‘Behold, I have come (In the scroll of the book it is written of Me) To do Your will, O God.’”8After saying above, “Sacrifices and offerings and whole burnt offerings and [sacrifices] for sin You have not desired, nor have You taken pleasure [in them]” (which are offered according to the Law),9then He said, “Behold, I have come to do Your will.” He takes away the first in order to establish the second.10By this will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.). All the sacrifices of the Old Testament are meaningful to God only because they represent and point forward to the one sacrifice of His Son.


Solomon Anointed

22So they ate and drank that day before the LORD with great gladness. And they made Solomon the son of David king a second time, and they anointed [him] as ruler for the LORD and Zadok as priest. 23Then Solomon sat on the throne of the LORD as king instead of David his father; and he prospered, and all Israel obeyed him. 24All the officials, the mighty men, and also all the sons of King David pledged allegiance to King Solomon. 25The LORD highly exalted Solomon in the sight of all Israel, and bestowed on him royal majesty which had not been on any king before him in Israel.

On an earlier occasion the people have eaten and drunk without the LORD and connected with idolatry (Exo 32:2-72Aaron said to them, “Tear off the gold rings which are in the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring [them] to me.”3Then all the people tore off the gold rings which were in their ears and brought [them] to Aaron.4He took [this] from their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool and made it into a molten calf; and they said, “This is your god, O Israel, who brought you up from the land of Egypt.”5Now when Aaron saw [this], he built an altar before it; and Aaron made a proclamation and said, “Tomorrow [shall be] a feast to the LORD.”6So the next day they rose early and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.7Then the LORD spoke to Moses, “Go down at once, for your people, whom you brought up from the land of Egypt, have corrupted [themselves].). Here they eat and drink “before the LORD”, He is there. On this occasion Solomon is made king for the second time, now to take place on the throne. David has already made Solomon king earlier (1Chr 23:11Now when David reached old age, he made his son Solomon king over Israel.) and thereby fulfilled the purpose of God, but here he rules practically over all the people.

In the same way, the Lord Jesus has already been made by God “both Lord and Christ” (Acts 2:3636Therefore let all the house of Israel know for certain that God has made Him both Lord and Christ—this Jesus whom you crucified.”), but only later will He actually accept His dominion and will every tongue confess that He is Lord (Phil 2:1111and that every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.).

At the same time as Solomon’s anointing, Zadok is anointed as priest. Zadok is the faithful priest who God would raise up (1Sam 2:3535But I will raise up for Myself a faithful priest who will do according to what is in My heart and in My soul; and I will build him an enduring house, and he will walk before My anointed always.). Solomon and Zadok together are a picture of the Lord Jesus as the King-Priest (Zec 6:1313Yes, it is He who will build the temple of the LORD, and He who will bear the honor and sit and rule on His throne. Thus, He will be a priest on His throne, and the counsel of peace will be between the two offices.”‘).

The throne on which Solomon sits is here called “the throne of the LORD”, which indicates the origin and authority of the throne. This distinguishes this throne from all the thrones of the peoples around Israel and also from the throne of Saul. The throne of Solomon is the throne of Him, who is “more than Solomon” (Mt 12:4242[The] Queen of [the] South will rise up with this generation at the judgment and will condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and behold, something greater than Solomon is here.). The Lord Jesus will sit on the throne of God when God’s time has come. Everything with Solomon comes from God. That indicates what God will do with the Lord Jesus.

When Solomon sits on the throne of the LORD, all Israel listens to him. All who have served David and also all the sons of king David recognize him as king. What a joy and consolation it must have been for David, that after so many misery with his sons they unite here under the reign of Solomon.


David Dies

26Now David the son of Jesse reigned over all Israel. 27The period which he reigned over Israel [was] forty years; he reigned in Hebron seven years and in Jerusalem thirty-three [years]. 28Then he died in a ripe old age, full of days, riches and honor; and his son Solomon reigned in his place. 29Now the acts of King David, from first to last, are written in the chronicles of Samuel the seer, in the chronicles of Nathan the prophet and in the chronicles of Gad the seer, 30with all his reign, his power, and the circumstances which came on him, on Israel, and on all the kingdoms of the lands.

The chronicler concludes his description of David’s life with the words: “Now David the son of Jesse reigned over all Israel” (verse 2626Now David the son of Jesse reigned over all Israel.). This review of David’s life and also the description of his death are consistent with the purpose of the books of Chronicles, which describes history as God likes to remember it, that is to say, history as it proceeds according to His purposes. David’s failure at the end of his life is also ignored here. The greatest possible fullness of life lies behind him and we see a son succeeding him. This wonderful way of saying goodbye to life is rare in the Old Testament.

It is remarkable that the mention “David the son of Jesse” appears both here and at the beginning of the description of David’s reign (1Chr 10:1414and did not inquire of the LORD. Therefore He killed him and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.). The description of David’s life seems to have been wrapped up by these two mentions.

He reigned a total of forty years (verse 2727The period which he reigned over Israel [was] forty years; he reigned in Hebron seven years and in Jerusalem thirty-three [years].), just like Saul. Solomon will also reign for forty years. The number forty is the number of trial. Saul, David, and Solomon were given the same period of trial, regardless of their character.

Everything in David’s life and death speaks of God’s “the faithful mercies shown to David” (Isa 55:33“Incline your ear and come to Me.
Listen, that you may live;
And I will make an everlasting covenant with you,
[According to] the faithful mercies shown to David.
). They are not limited to his life and death. Paul quotes this verse to show that these proofs of grace are also seen from the dead in the resurrection of the Lord Jesus (Acts 13:3434[As for the fact] that He raised Him up from the dead, no longer to return to decay, He has spoken in this way: ‘I WILL GIVE YOU THE HOLY [and] SURE [blessings] OF DAVID.’). In the true Son of David and His reign all that is shown to David finds his fulfillment. David is waiting for that fulfillment, as well as all who have died in faith in God’s promises.

David dies “in a ripe old age, full of days, riches and honor” (verse 2828Then he died in a ripe old age, full of days, riches and honor; and his son Solomon reigned in his place.). This means that by all that God has given to Solomon (verse 2525The LORD highly exalted Solomon in the sight of all Israel, and bestowed on him royal majesty which had not been on any king before him in Israel.) and that which he himself has given to God’s house, he has not become less and poorer. If we look at the end of David, it is hard to say what shines brighter here: the setting or rising sun.

To conclude the description of David’s life, the author of the books of Chronicles indicates from which sources he drew, led by God’s Spirit (verse 2929Now the acts of King David, from first to last, are written in the chronicles of Samuel the seer, in the chronicles of Nathan the prophet and in the chronicles of Gad the seer,). He refers to three prophets who wrote down David’s life: the seer Samuel, the prophet Nathan and the seer Gad. In their histories they have written about David’s kingdom and power, and about the events of him, of Israel, and of the other kingdoms (verse 3030with all his reign, his power, and the circumstances which came on him, on Israel, and on all the kingdoms of the lands.).

The mentioned writings (verse 2929Now the acts of King David, from first to last, are written in the chronicles of Samuel the seer, in the chronicles of Nathan the prophet and in the chronicles of Gad the seer,) have not been preserved. Samuel anointed David as king (1Sam 16:1313Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon David from that day forward. And Samuel arose and went to Ramah.). Nathan speaks to David on behalf of God about the building of the temple (1Chr 17:1-151And it came about, when David dwelt in his house, that David said to Nathan the prophet, “Behold, I am dwelling in a house of cedar, but the ark of the covenant of the LORD is under curtains.”2Then Nathan said to David, “Do all that is in your heart, for God is with you.”3It came about the same night that the word of God came to Nathan, saying,4“Go and tell David My servant, ‘Thus says the LORD, “You shall not build a house for Me to dwell in;5for I have not dwelt in a house since the day that I brought up Israel to this day, but I have gone from tent to tent and from [one] dwelling place [to another].6In all places where I have walked with all Israel, have I spoken a word with any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd My people, saying, ‘Why have you not built for Me a house of cedar?’”‘7Now, therefore, thus shall you say to My servant David, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts, “I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, to be leader over My people Israel.8I have been with you wherever you have gone, and have cut off all your enemies from before you; and I will make you a name like the name of the great ones who are in the earth.9I will appoint a place for My people Israel, and will plant them, so that they may dwell in their own place and not be moved again; and the wicked will not waste them anymore as formerly,10even from the day that I commanded judges [to be] over My people Israel. And I will subdue all your enemies. Moreover, I tell you that the LORD will build a house for you.11When your days are fulfilled that you must go [to be] with your fathers, that I will set up [one of] your descendants after you, who will be of your sons; and I will establish his kingdom.12He shall build for Me a house, and I will establish his throne forever.13I will be his father and he shall be My son; and I will not take My lovingkindness away from him, as I took it from him who was before you.14But I will settle him in My house and in My kingdom forever, and his throne shall be established forever.”‘“15According to all these words and according to all this vision, so Nathan spoke to David.; 2Sam 7:1-171Now it came about when the king lived in his house, and the LORD had given him rest on every side from all his enemies,2that the king said to Nathan the prophet, “See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells within tent curtains.”3Nathan said to the king, “Go, do all that is in your mind, for the LORD is with you.”4But in the same night the word of the LORD came to Nathan, saying,5“Go and say to My servant David, ‘Thus says the LORD, “Are you the one who should build Me a house to dwell in?6For I have not dwelt in a house since the day I brought up the sons of Israel from Egypt, even to this day; but I have been moving about in a tent, even in a tabernacle.7Wherever I have gone with all the sons of Israel, did I speak a word with one of the tribes of Israel, which I commanded to shepherd My people Israel, saying, ‘Why have you not built Me a house of cedar?’”‘8“Now therefore, thus you shall say to My servant David, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts, “I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, to be ruler over My people Israel.9I have been with you wherever you have gone and have cut off all your enemies from before you; and I will make you a great name, like the names of the great men who are on the earth.10I will also appoint a place for My people Israel and will plant them, that they may live in their own place and not be disturbed again, nor will the wicked afflict them any more as formerly,11even from the day that I commanded judges to be over My people Israel; and I will give you rest from all your enemies. The LORD also declares to you that the LORD will make a house for you.12When your days are complete and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your descendant after you, who will come forth from you, and I will establish his kingdom.13He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.14I will be a father to him and he will be a son to Me; when he commits iniquity, I will correct him with the rod of men and the strokes of the sons of men,15but My lovingkindness shall not depart from him, as I took [it] away from Saul, whom I removed from before you.16Your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me forever; your throne shall be established forever.”‘“17In accordance with all these words and all this vision, so Nathan spoke to David.) and rebukes David for his sin with Bathsheba (2Sam 12:1-121Then the LORD sent Nathan to David. And he came to him and said,
“There were two men in one city, the one rich and the other poor.
2“The rich man had a great many flocks and herds.
3“But the poor man had nothing except one little ewe lamb
Which he bought and nourished;
And it grew up together with him and his children.
It would eat of his bread and drink of his cup and lie in his bosom,
And was like a daughter to him.
4“Now a traveler came to the rich man,
And he was unwilling to take from his own flock or his own herd,
To prepare for the wayfarer who had come to him;
Rather he took the poor man’s ewe lamb and prepared it for the man who had come to him.”
5Then David’s anger burned greatly against the man, and he said to Nathan, “As the LORD lives, surely the man who has done this deserves to die.6He must make restitution for the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing and had no compassion.”7Nathan then said to David, “You are the man! Thus says the LORD God of Israel, ‘It is I who anointed you king over Israel and it is I who delivered you from the hand of Saul.8I also gave you your master’s house and your master’s wives into your care, and I gave you the house of Israel and Judah; and if [that had been] too little, I would have added to you many more things like these!9Why have you despised the word of the LORD by doing evil in His sight? You have struck down Uriah the Hittite with the sword, have taken his wife to be your wife, and have killed him with the sword of the sons of Ammon.10Now therefore, the sword shall never depart from your house, because you have despised Me and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife.’11Thus says the LORD, ‘Behold, I will raise up evil against you from your own household; I will even take your wives before your eyes and give [them] to your companion, and he will lie with your wives in broad daylight.12Indeed you did it secretly, but I will do this thing before all Israel, and under the sun.’”
). Gad rebukes David for the census (2Sam 24:10-1410Now David’s heart troubled him after he had numbered the people. So David said to the LORD, “I have sinned greatly in what I have done. But now, O LORD, please take away the iniquity of Your servant, for I have acted very foolishly.”11When David arose in the morning, the word of the LORD came to the prophet Gad, David’s seer, saying,12“Go and speak to David, ‘Thus the LORD says, “I am offering you three things; choose for yourself one of them, which I will do to you.”‘“13So Gad came to David and told him, and said to him, “Shall seven years of famine come to you in your land? Or will you flee three months before your foes while they pursue you? Or shall there be three days’ pestilence in your land? Now consider and see what answer I shall return to Him who sent me.”14Then David said to Gad, “I am in great distress. Let us now fall into the hand of the LORD for His mercies are great, but do not let me fall into the hand of man.”; 1Chr 21:9-139The LORD spoke to Gad, David’s seer, saying,10“Go and speak to David, saying, ‘Thus says the LORD, “I offer you three things; choose for yourself one of them, which I will do to you.”‘“11So Gad came to David and said to him, “Thus says the LORD, ‘Take for yourself12either three years of famine, or three months to be swept away before your foes, while the sword of your enemies overtakes [you], or else three days of the sword of the LORD, even pestilence in the land, and the angel of the LORD destroying throughout all the territory of Israel.’ Now, therefore, consider what answer I shall return to Him who sent me.”13David said to Gad, “I am in great distress; please let me fall into the hand of the LORD, for His mercies are very great. But do not let me fall into the hand of man.”).

When we think of “the circumstances which came on him” and “on Israel” (verse 3030with all his reign, his power, and the circumstances which came on him, on Israel, and on all the kingdoms of the lands.), we can think of persecution, of trial, of danger of death, of sorrow and of joy. In relation to all these circumstances David says: “My times are in Your hand” (Psa 31:1515My times are in Your hand;
Deliver me from the hand of my enemies and from those who persecute me.
; cf. Job 24:11“Why are times not stored up by the Almighty,
And why do those who know Him not see His days?
). “All the kingdoms of the lands” (cf. 2Chr 12:88But they will become his slaves so that they may learn [the difference between] My service and the service of the kingdoms of the countries.”; 17:1010Now the dread of the LORD was on all the kingdoms of the lands which [were] around Judah, so that they did not make war against Jehoshaphat.; 20:2929And the dread of God was on all the kingdoms of the lands when they heard that the LORD had fought against the enemies of Israel.) are the kingdoms with which the Israelites came into contact at the time of David.

With the death of David 1 Chronicles ends. In this Bible book almost all attention is focused on king David. In contrast to the description in 2 Samuel, the sins of this king are hardly mentioned here. David is here rather the prince who is God-fearing and is therefore richly blessed. The blessing consists of numerous military victories, which makes him the ruler of an immense realm and gives him fabulous riches.

He does not use these blessings for his own benefit, but makes them available for what he considers the highest goal for Israel: the building of the temple. He is not allowed to do this work himself, but he does do everything he can to prepare it. He gives a large part of his wealth, motivates the people to voluntarily give up a part of their abundance, and introduces Solomon, the future temple-builder, to the people.

The first book of Chronicles presents David as the one who focuses on the building of the temple and thus on the honor of God. In this sense he is the ideal prince, who does not seek his own honor, but the honor of God. In the period after the exile – the time in which the books of Chronicles were written – this description of David must have been strongly appealing. In that period there is attention for the improvement of the temple service and for a stronger focus on the LORD.

Also, the example of the wealthy king David making his riches available for the glory of God will have stimulated the desire for a new David. A few centuries later the Lord Jesus comes as a Servant, but in the future He will come as a Prince. He is as no other focused on God.