1 Chronicles
Introduction 1 David Makes Solomon King 2-5 Numbering the Levites 6-23 David Divides the Levites into Divisions 24-32 The Task of the Levites
Introduction

In the last months of his life David prepares everything for the house of God and the service therein:
1. Materials for the temple in 1 Chronicles 22.
2. Levites for the temple in 1 Chronicles 23.
3. Priests for the temple in 1 Chronicles 24.
4. Singers for the temple in 1 Chronicles 25.
5. Gatekeepers and treasurers for the temple in 1 Chronicles 26.
6. Officials in his realm in 1 Chronicles 27.
7. Plans for the building of the temple in 1 Chronicles 28.
8. Final preparations for the temple in 1 Chronicles 29.


David Makes Solomon King

1Now when David reached old age, he made his son Solomon king over Israel.

David starts to completely reorganize the service of the priests and the Levites and bring it to a totally different plan. But first he appoints Solomon as king in his place. He knows that his task is over (cf. 2Tim 4:66For I am already being poured out as a drink offering, and the time of my departure has come.; Gen 50:2424Joseph said to his brothers, “I am about to die, but God will surely take care of you and bring you up from this land to the land which He promised on oath to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob.”). It is good that, when our task is over, we are handing over our service to young people who are ready for it. We see this for example with Paul and Timothy, with Moses and Joshua, with Elijah and Elisha. We do this not by some official transfer, but by encouraging a young believer to a certain task and giving our help.

The description of the transfer of the throne by David to Solomon is here different from in the first book of Kings. In the first book of Kings Solomon becomes king in reaction to those who assumed the right to the throne and David must be persuaded to make Solomon king (1Kgs 1:5-405Now Adonijah the son of Haggith exalted himself, saying, “I will be king.” So he prepared for himself chariots and horsemen with fifty men to run before him.6His father had never crossed him at any time by asking, “Why have you done so?” And he was also a very handsome man, and he was born after Absalom.7He had conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest; and following Adonijah they helped him.8But Zadok the priest, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and the mighty men who belonged to David, were not with Adonijah.9Adonijah sacrificed sheep and oxen and fatlings by the stone of Zoheleth, which is beside En-rogel; and he invited all his brothers, the king’s sons, and all the men of Judah, the king’s servants.10But he did not invite Nathan the prophet, Benaiah, the mighty men, and Solomon his brother.11Then Nathan spoke to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, saying, “Have you not heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith has become king, and David our lord does not know [it]?12So now come, please let me give you counsel and save your life and the life of your son Solomon.13Go at once to King David and say to him, ‘Have you not, my lord, O king, sworn to your maidservant, saying, “Surely Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne”? Why then has Adonijah become king?’14“Behold, while you are still there speaking with the king, I will come in after you and confirm your words.”15So Bathsheba went in to the king in the bedroom. Now the king was very old, and Abishag the Shunammite was ministering to the king.16Then Bathsheba bowed and prostrated herself before the king. And the king said, “What do you wish?”17She said to him, “My lord, you swore to your maidservant by the LORD your God, [saying], ‘Surely your son Solomon shall be king after me and he shall sit on my throne.’18Now, behold, Adonijah is king; and now, my lord the king, you do not know [it].19He has sacrificed oxen and fatlings and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the sons of the king and Abiathar the priest and Joab the commander of the army, but he has not invited Solomon your servant.20As for you now, my lord the king, the eyes of all Israel are on you, to tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him.21Otherwise it will come about, as soon as my lord the king sleeps with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon will be considered offenders.”22Behold, while she was still speaking with the king, Nathan the prophet came in.23They told the king, saying, “Here is Nathan the prophet.” And when he came in before the king, he prostrated himself before the king with his face to the ground.24Then Nathan said, “My lord the king, have you said, ‘Adonijah shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne’?25For he has gone down today and has sacrificed oxen and fatlings and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the king’s sons and the commanders of the army and Abiathar the priest, and behold, they are eating and drinking before him; and they say, ‘[Long] live King Adonijah!’26But me, [even] me your servant, and Zadok the priest and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada and your servant Solomon, he has not invited.27Has this thing been done by my lord the king, and you have not shown to your servants who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?”28Then King David said, “Call Bathsheba to me.” And she came into the king’s presence and stood before the king.29The king vowed and said, “As the LORD lives, who has redeemed my life from all distress,30surely as I vowed to you by the LORD the God of Israel, saying, ‘Your son Solomon shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne in my place’; I will indeed do so this day.”31Then Bathsheba bowed with her face to the ground, and prostrated herself before the king and said, “May my lord King David live forever.”32Then King David said, “Call to me Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada.” And they came into the king’s presence.33The king said to them, “Take with you the servants of your lord, and have my son Solomon ride on my own mule, and bring him down to Gihon.34Let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there as king over Israel, and blow the trumpet and say, ‘[Long] live King Solomon!’35Then you shall come up after him, and he shall come and sit on my throne and be king in my place; for I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and Judah.”36Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king and said, “Amen! Thus may the LORD, the God of my lord the king, say.37As the LORD has been with my lord the king, so may He be with Solomon, and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord King David!”38So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the Cherethites, and the Pelethites went down and had Solomon ride on King David’s mule, and brought him to Gihon.39Zadok the priest then took the horn of oil from the tent and anointed Solomon. Then they blew the trumpet, and all the people said, “[Long] live King Solomon!”40All the people went up after him, and the people were playing on flutes and rejoicing with great joy, so that the earth shook at their noise.). We don’t see anything of that here. Here David makes Solomon king according to his sovereign will, according to God’s counsel.


Numbering the Levites

2And he gathered together all the leaders of Israel with the priests and the Levites. 3The Levites were numbered from thirty years old and upward, and their number by census of men was 38,000. 4Of these, 24,000 were to oversee the work of the house of the LORD; and 6,000 [were] officers and judges, 5and 4,000 [were] gatekeepers, and 4,000 [were] praising the LORD with the instruments which David made for giving praise.

After his preparations for the building of the temple, the materials he has prepared for it, David will now arrange matters related to the service in the temple. The whole order that David establishes for the house is a picture of what Christ does toward His house, the church. He starts with the census of the Levites. They serve from their thirtieth year to their fiftieth year (Num 4:1-41Then the LORD spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying,2“Take a census of the descendants of Kohath from among the sons of Levi, by their families, by their fathers’ households,3from thirty years and upward, even to fifty years old, all who enter the service to do the work in the tent of meeting.4This is the work of the descendants of Kohath in the tent of meeting, [concerning] the most holy things.). The Lord Jesus began His public service when He “was about thirty years of age” (Lk 3:2323When He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age, being, as was supposed, the son of Joseph, the son of Eli,).

There are those who oversee the house of the LORD. Others are officers and judges. Still others are gatekeepers. Finally there are the singers for whom he had musical instruments made (cf. Amos 6:55Who improvise to the sound of the harp,
[And] like David have composed songs for themselves,
). What Joab did not do in the census of the people – counting the Levites (1Chr 21:66But he did not number Levi and Benjamin among them, for the king’s command was abhorrent to Joab.) – David does here himself. This time he counts with good motives, because now it is about service to the LORD. At the count at the beginning of the wilderness journey there are more than 22,000 Levites (Num 3:41-4341You shall take the Levites for Me, I am the LORD, instead of all the firstborn among the sons of Israel, and the cattle of the Levites instead of all the firstborn among the cattle of the sons of Israel.”42So Moses numbered all the firstborn among the sons of Israel, just as the LORD had commanded him;43and all the firstborn males by the number of names from a month old and upward, for their numbered men were 22,273.), now there are 38,000.

They are all assigned their places (verses 4-54Of these, 24,000 were to oversee the work of the house of the LORD; and 6,000 [were] officers and judges,5and 4,000 [were] gatekeepers, and 4,000 [were] praising the LORD with the instruments which David made for giving praise.), so that every available hand can be used and every part of the work can be done, with the corresponding care. The great number is a contribution to the honor of Him in the service of Whom they stand. More than two-thirds, 24,000, must oversee the work in the house of the LORD. They assist the priests in slaughtering the sacrifices, washing, cutting and burning them, removing dirt, keeping the temple utensils clean, and keeping everything in place.

There are also 6,000 officials and judges. They see to it that in the land everything goes to the right of the LORD. They apply God’s laws to the lives of the people of every day as disputes arise. There are also 4,000 gatekeepers. They must ensure that nothing enters the temple that should not enter it. In the new Jerusalem they are not needed (Rev 21:25-2725In the daytime (for there will be no night there) its gates will never be closed;26and they will bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it;27and nothing unclean, and no one who practices abomination and lying, shall ever come into it, but only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life.). Finally, there are 4,000 singers. They praise the LORD.


David Divides the Levites into Divisions

6David divided them into divisions according to the sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. 7Of the Gershonites [were] Ladan and Shimei. 8The sons of Ladan [were] Jehiel the first and Zetham and Joel, three. 9The sons of Shimei [were] Shelomoth and Haziel and Haran, three. These were the heads of the fathers’ [households] of Ladan. 10The sons of Shimei [were] Jahath, Zina, Jeush and Beriah. These four [were] the sons of Shimei. 11Jahath was the first and Zizah the second; but Jeush and Beriah did not have many sons, so they became a father’s household, one class. 12The sons of Kohath were four: Amram, Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel. 13The sons of Amram were Aaron and Moses. And Aaron was set apart to sanctify him as most holy, he and his sons forever, to burn incense before the LORD, to minister to Him and to bless in His name forever. 14But [as for] Moses the man of God, his sons were named among the tribe of Levi. 15The sons of Moses [were] Gershom and Eliezer. 16The son of Gershom [was] Shebuel the chief. 17The son of Eliezer was Rehabiah the chief; and Eliezer had no other sons, but the sons of Rehabiah were very many. 18The son of Izhar was Shelomith the chief. 19The sons of Hebron [were] Jeriah the first, Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third and Jekameam the fourth. 20The sons of Uzziel [were] Micah the first and Isshiah the second. 21The sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. The sons of Mahli [were] Eleazar and Kish. 22Eleazar died and had no sons, but daughters only, so their brothers, the sons of Kish, took them [as wives]. 23The sons of Mushi [were] three: Mahli, Eder and Jeremoth.

The division of the Levites into divisions in this section is to keep the overview and also that no one can evade his task. “God is not [a God] of confusion but of peace” (1Cor 14:33a33for God is not [a God] of confusion but of peace, as in all the churches of the saints.). A good division of tasks promotes peace. The application for us is not a question of human organization, but of giving heed to the Holy Spirit “distributing to each one individually just as He wills” (1Cor 12:1111But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as He wills.; cf. 1Cor 12:1818But now God has placed the members, each one of them, in the body, just as He desired.). There is also care if a family is small (verse 1111Jahath was the first and Zizah the second; but Jeush and Beriah did not have many sons, so they became a father’s household, one class.). Then families can work together.

The description of the task of the Levites (verse 1313The sons of Amram were Aaron and Moses. And Aaron was set apart to sanctify him as most holy, he and his sons forever, to burn incense before the LORD, to minister to Him and to bless in His name forever.) is much more extensive, because the task of the priests is great in content. First of all, the priest must ensure the holiness of the most holy things. This requires a constant contact with the holy God. Then he burns incense, which refers to prayers (Psa 141:22May my prayer be counted as incense before You;
The lifting up of my hands as the evening offering.
). It is his privilege to minister the LORD, which is true for his whole life and especially in the sanctuary. For that he is a priest. A priest is directed toward God. Only then is he able “to bless in His name forever” outside the sanctuary. His ministry is a matter for his whole life; blessing in the name of the LORD is a matter done for eternity. In summary, we see that priests sanctify, sacrifice, minister and bless.

For us, it means that we must first live a holy life. This is necessary if we are to have a proper awareness of the most holy things. This leads us to bring sacrifices to God and to serve Him all our lives. This is not limited to the meetings of the church. The call is that we “continually offer up a sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of lips that give thanks to His name” (Heb 13:1515Through Him then, let us continually offer up a sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of lips that give thanks to His name.). It is even so that we present our bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God (Rom 12:11Therefore I urge you, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God, [which is] your spiritual service of worship.), while the results of the priestly service are also mentioned, because those results are brought to God (cf. Rom 15:1616to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles, ministering as a priest the gospel of God, so that [my] offering of the Gentiles may become acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.).

There are two aspects to our priesthood. One aspect is the holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God in the heavenly sanctuary. The other aspect is the royal priesthood, where we come out of the heavenly sanctuary with blessing for those around us (1Pet 2:5,95you also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.9But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for [God’s] own possession, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;).

Therefore, we should not limit our priestly task to Sunday worship. Our whole life must be worship. All believers are called to this priestly service. If we don’t do such a service, the cause often lies in foreclosures that we owe to ourselves, or because of incompetence or wrong education.

Moses is called “the man of God” (verse 1414But [as for] Moses the man of God, his sons were named among the tribe of Levi.; Deu 33:11Now this is the blessing with which Moses the man of God blessed the sons of Israel before his death.; Psa 90:11A Prayer of Moses, the man of God.
Lord, You have been our dwelling place in all generations.
). This special title does not mean that his sons are given priestly status. They are ‘ordinary’ Levites (verses 15-1715The sons of Moses [were] Gershom and Eliezer.16The son of Gershom [was] Shebuel the chief.17The son of Eliezer was Rehabiah the chief; and Eliezer had no other sons, but the sons of Rehabiah were very many.).


The Task of the Levites

24These were the sons of Levi according to their fathers’ households, [even] the heads of the fathers’ [households] of those of them who were counted, in the number of names by their census, doing the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from twenty years old and upward. 25For David said, “The LORD God of Israel has given rest to His people, and He dwells in Jerusalem forever. 26Also, the Levites will no longer need to carry the tabernacle and all its utensils for its service.” 27For by the last words of David the sons of Levi [were] numbered from twenty years old and upward. 28For their office is to assist the sons of Aaron with the service of the house of the LORD, in the courts and in the chambers and in the purifying of all holy things, even the work of the service of the house of God, 29and with the showbread, and the fine flour for a grain offering, and unleavened wafers, or [what is baked in] the pan or what is well-mixed, and all measures of volume and size. 30They are to stand every morning to thank and to praise the LORD, and likewise at evening, 31and to offer all burnt offerings to the LORD, on the sabbaths, the new moons and the fixed festivals in the number [set] by the ordinance concerning them, continually before the LORD. 32Thus they are to keep charge of the tent of meeting, and charge of the holy place, and charge of the sons of Aaron their relatives, for the service of the house of the LORD.

We see something of the special authority David has to arrange the Levite service. He subtracts another five years from the age already lowered by the LORD by five years (verse 2424These were the sons of Levi according to their fathers’ households, [even] the heads of the fathers’ [households] of those of them who were counted, in the number of names by their census, doing the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from twenty years old and upward.; Num 8:2424“This is what [applies] to the Levites: from twenty-five years old and upward they shall enter to perform service in the work of the tent of meeting.). The reduction to 20 years is confirmed in verse 2727For by the last words of David the sons of Levi [were] numbered from twenty years old and upward.. The reason is that there is now rest (verse 2525For David said, “The LORD God of Israel has given rest to His people, and He dwells in Jerusalem forever.). The Levites are no longer in wilderness conditions. The task has become easier. They no longer need to demolish and rebuild everything and no transport is needed anymore (verse 2626Also, the Levites will no longer need to carry the tabernacle and all its utensils for its service.”). Therefore, the age limit can be lowered.

In the spiritual application this is about the limit of the spiritual maturation. There are circumstances that this can be reduced. Even the youngest believer can already perform a certain service in the church. Where conditions are favorable and a simple service is requested, a young believer with little spiritual exercise can perform it. When it comes to greater responsibilities, there will have to be a greater spiritual maturity. In any case, young people who perform a spiritual service should behave in such a way that no comments can be made about their youth (1Tim 4:1212Let no one look down on your youthfulness, but [rather] in speech, conduct, love, faith [and] purity, show yourself an example of those who believe.).

Verses 28-3228For their office is to assist the sons of Aaron with the service of the house of the LORD, in the courts and in the chambers and in the purifying of all holy things, even the work of the service of the house of God,29and with the showbread, and the fine flour for a grain offering, and unleavened wafers, or [what is baked in] the pan or what is well-mixed, and all measures of volume and size.30They are to stand every morning to thank and to praise the LORD, and likewise at evening,31and to offer all burnt offerings to the LORD, on the sabbaths, the new moons and the fixed festivals in the number [set] by the ordinance concerning them, continually before the LORD.32Thus they are to keep charge of the tent of meeting, and charge of the holy place, and charge of the sons of Aaron their relatives, for the service of the house of the LORD. summarize the service of the Levites. What is that task? They serve the priests who in turn serve the LORD. According to Moses’ ordinances, the Levites were given as a gift to the priests (Num 18:66Behold, I Myself have taken your fellow Levites from among the sons of Israel; they are a gift to you, dedicated to the LORD, to perform the service for the tent of meeting.). The Levites serve to support the priestly service.

Levite service in a New Testament sense is a service for building up the church. Their service is aimed at teaching believers to praise God more and better. The purpose of their service is that the believers will offer their lives more as sacrifices to God and offer the results of their work for God to Him. If in a local church the believers live in a spirit of worship, this will be noticed in worship and in the practical life of the believers.

There are also Levites that go over the courts (verse 2828For their office is to assist the sons of Aaron with the service of the house of the LORD, in the courts and in the chambers and in the purifying of all holy things, even the work of the service of the house of God,). These are the gatekeepers. Different people are standing at the gates. They must ensure that only the right people are admitted in the courts. Another task of the Levites is “the purifying of all holy things”. A worthy sacrifice service can only take place by cleansed persons and cleansed means. Levites ensure that there are no elements in worship that disturb or harm the sacrifice service. They supervise the purity of worship.

Furthermore, they have a task with regard to “the work of the service of the house of God”. That is for us to apply to our behavior in the house of God. We need to know how we have to behave there (1Tim 3:1515but in case I am delayed, [I write] so that you will know how one ought to conduct himself in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and support of the truth.). For this purpose, the Lord has given His instructions in His Word.

There is extensive reference to different types of bread (verse 2929and with the showbread, and the fine flour for a grain offering, and unleavened wafers, or [what is baked in] the pan or what is well-mixed, and all measures of volume and size.). It is about “the showbread”, which is the bread on the table of the showbread, and about various forms of the “grain offering” (cf. Lev 2:1-161‘Now when anyone presents a grain offering as an offering to the LORD, his offering shall be of fine flour, and he shall pour oil on it and put frankincense on it.2He shall then bring it to Aaron’s sons the priests; and shall take from it his handful of its fine flour and of its oil with all of its frankincense. And the priest shall offer [it] up in smoke [as] its memorial portion on the altar, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the LORD.3The remainder of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons: a thing most holy, of the offerings to the LORD by fire.4‘Now when you bring an offering of a grain offering baked in an oven, [it shall be] unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers spread with oil.5If your offering is a grain offering [made] on the griddle, [it shall be] of fine flour, unleavened, mixed with oil;6you shall break it into bits and pour oil on it; it is a grain offering.7Now if your offering is a grain offering [made] in a pan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil.8When you bring in the grain offering which is made of these things to the LORD, it shall be presented to the priest and he shall bring it to the altar.9The priest then shall take up from the grain offering its memorial portion, and shall offer [it] up in smoke on the altar [as] an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the LORD.10The remainder of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons: a thing most holy of the offerings to the LORD by fire.11‘No grain offering, which you bring to the LORD, shall be made with leaven, for you shall not offer up in smoke any leaven or any honey as an offering by fire to the LORD.12As an offering of first fruits you shall bring them to the LORD, but they shall not ascend for a soothing aroma on the altar.13Every grain offering of yours, moreover, you shall season with salt, so that the salt of the covenant of your God shall not be lacking from your grain offering; with all your offerings you shall offer salt.14‘Also if you bring a grain offering of early ripened things to the LORD, you shall bring fresh heads of grain roasted in the fire, grits of new growth, for the grain offering of your early ripened things.15You shall then put oil on it and lay incense on it; it is a grain offering.16The priest shall offer up in smoke its memorial portion, part of its grits and its oil with all its incense as an offering by fire to the LORD.). There is talk of “well-mixed” and of fittings’ and of “all measures of volume and size”. All these breads speak of the Lord Jesus. The Levites make sure that the loaves are of the right composition (“well-mixed”), that the right volume is used and that the right size is also maintained.

We can apply this to our being busy with the Lord Jesus as the true grain offering and as the true bread of life. The Levites are for us the teachers who explain God’s Word to us. They show by means of God’s Word Who the Lord Jesus is as food for God. The “well-mixed” or the composition of the bread represents that we confess Christ as come into the flesh (1Jn 4:22By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God;). That is, He truly became Man – however, without participating in the sinful nature that every man has (Heb 4:1515For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as [we are, yet] without sin.) –, but at the same time never ceases to be the eternal Son of God. They must beware not to go deeper – we must pay attention to the right ‘measure of volume’ – nor further – the right ‘measure of size – than what God’s Word makes clear. We should not try to enter into things that God hides from us (cf. Mt 11:27a27All things have been handed over to Me by My Father; and no one knows the Son except the Father; nor does anyone know the Father except the Son, and anyone to whom the Son wills to reveal [Him].), nor add to what God’s Word shows us.

The order in the house of God is also maintained by the Levites, which is represented in the care for the table of the showbread. They must also ensure that the volume and size of everything is to the measure of the sanctuary. Only then can a service take place that can be accepted by God. No personal interpretation may be given in any way about the composition of, for example, a grain offering.

Again other Levites have the task of singing (verses 30-3130They are to stand every morning to thank and to praise the LORD, and likewise at evening,31and to offer all burnt offerings to the LORD, on the sabbaths, the new moons and the fixed festivals in the number [set] by the ordinance concerning them, continually before the LORD.). Every day in the morning and evening, every week, every month and every year they let their voices be heard on those days and at those occasions when bringing the burnt offering. The sacrifices at different feasts must be brought by the priests, but they are prepared by the Levites. Levite service precedes every sacrificial service. Young priests gratefully use Levites.

Finally, a summary of the tasks is given (verse 3232Thus they are to keep charge of the tent of meeting, and charge of the holy place, and charge of the sons of Aaron their relatives, for the service of the house of the LORD.). The tasks of the Levites are primarily connected with “the tent of meeting”. This is the place where God meets His people, it is a place of fellowship between God and His people. The people there may come to God on the basis of the sacrifice, which is a picture of the Lord Jesus and His work on the cross, to worship Him for the gift of that Sacrifice.

This leads to the second task, which is their “charge of the holy place”. In the sanctuary it is about approaching God rather than being together. With a view to approaching God, priests must know what is appropriate. That is what the Levites make clear to them. This also explains their third task, their “charge of the sons of Aaron their relatives, for the service of the house of the LORD”. They prepare the priests, here described as “the sons of Aaron”, to perform their service properly in the house of the LORD.

They do not do this as their superiors, but as “their relatives””, or “their brothers. We read here that the Levites and the priests are brothers of each other. This is the only right relationship to serve other members of God’s people. The New Testament believer is as much a priest as a Levite. Both aspects should be expressed in his life, to the Lord Jesus and God as a priest and to the fellow believers as Levites.


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