In the previous chapter, David’s heroes have been listed who have been with him from the beginning of his wanderings. That was the time when Saul chased him like a partridge on the mountains. In this chapter we are told
1. who joined him when he was in Ziklag (verses 1-7,19-221Now these are the ones who came to David at Ziklag, while he was still restricted because of Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men who helped [him] in war.2They were equipped with bows, using both the right hand and the left [to sling] stones and [to shoot] arrows from the bow; [they were] Saul’s kinsmen from Benjamin.3The chief was Ahiezer, then Joash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite; and Jeziel and Pelet, the sons of Azmaveth, and Beracah and Jehu the Anathothite,4and Ishmaiah the Gibeonite, a mighty man among the thirty, and over the thirty. Then Jeremiah, Jahaziel, Johanan, Jozabad the Gederathite,5Eluzai, Jerimoth, Bealiah, Shemariah, Shephatiah the Haruphite,6Elkanah, Isshiah, Azarel, Joezer, Jashobeam, the Korahites,7and Joelah and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham of Gedor.19From Manasseh also some defected to David when he was about to go to battle with the Philistines against Saul. But they did not help them, for the lords of the Philistines after consultation sent him away, saying, “At [the cost of] our heads he may defect to his master Saul.”20As he went to Ziklag there defected to him from Manasseh: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu and Zillethai, captains of thousands who belonged to Manasseh.21They helped David against the band of raiders, for they were all mighty men of valor, and were captains in the army.22For day by day [men] came to David to help him, until there was a great army like the army of God.),
2. who came to him when he was in the mountain fortresses (verses 8-188From the Gadites there came over to David in the stronghold in the wilderness, mighty men of valor, men trained for war, who could handle shield and spear, and whose faces were like the faces of lions, and [they were] as swift as the gazelles on the mountains.9Ezer [was] the first, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third,10Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth,11Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh,12Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth,13Jeremiah the tenth, Machbannai the eleventh.14These of the sons of Gad were captains of the army; he who was least was equal to a hundred and the greatest to a thousand.15These are the ones who crossed the Jordan in the first month when it was overflowing all its banks and they put to flight all those in the valleys, both to the east and to the west.16Then some of the sons of Benjamin and Judah came to the stronghold to David.17David went out to meet them, and said to them, “If you come peacefully to me to help me, my heart shall be united with you; but if to betray me to my adversaries, since there is no wrong in my hands, may the God of our fathers look on [it] and decide.”18Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, who was the chief of the thirty, [and he said],
“[We] are yours, O David,
And with you, O son of Jesse!
Peace, peace to you,
And peace to him who helps you;
Indeed, your God helps you!”
Then David received them and made them captains of the band.) and
3. who came to him in Hebron (verses 23-3723Now these are the numbers of the divisions equipped for war, who came to David at Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD.24The sons of Judah who bore shield and spear [were] 6,800, equipped for war.25Of the sons of Simeon, mighty men of valor for war, 7,100.26Of the sons of Levi 4,600.27Now Jehoiada was the leader of [the house of] Aaron, and with him were 3,700,28also Zadok, a young man mighty of valor, and of his father’s house twenty-two captains.29Of the sons of Benjamin, Saul’s kinsmen, 3,000; for until now the greatest part of them had kept their allegiance to the house of Saul.30Of the sons of Ephraim 20,800, mighty men of valor, famous men in their fathers’ households.31Of the half-tribe of Manasseh 18,000, who were designated by name to come and make David king.32Of the sons of Issachar, men who understood the times, with knowledge of what Israel should do, their chiefs [were] two hundred; and all their kinsmen [were] at their command.33Of Zebulun, there were 50,000 who went out in the army, who could draw up in battle formation with all kinds of weapons of war and helped [David] with an undivided heart.34Of Naphtali [there were] 1,000 captains, and with them 37,000 with shield and spear.35Of the Danites who could draw up in battle formation, [there were] 28,600.36Of Asher [there were] 40,000 who went out in the army to draw up in battle formation.37From the other side of the Jordan, of the Reubenites and the Gadites and of the half-tribe of Manasseh, [there were] 120,000 with all [kinds] of weapons of war for the battle.).