1Adam, Seth, Enosh, 2Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared, 3Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, 4Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth.
1Adam, Seth, Enosh, 2Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared, 3Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, 4Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth.
From Adam to Noah the names of ten ancestors are mentioned.
In the genealogy of Noah in verse 44Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth. Shem is mentioned first. But when the generations are listed, the generations of Japheth (verses 5-75The sons of Japheth [were] Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras.6The sons of Gomer [were] Ashkenaz, Diphath, and Togarmah.7The sons of Javan [were] Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim and Rodanim.) and Cham (verses 8-168The sons of Ham [were] Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.9The sons of Cush [were] Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raama and Sabteca; and the sons of Raamah [were] Sheba and Dedan.10Cush became the father of Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one in the earth.11Mizraim became the father of the people of Lud, Anam, Lehab, Naphtuh,12Pathrus, Casluh, from which the Philistines came, and Caphtor.13Canaan became the father of Sidon, his firstborn, Heth,14and the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites,15the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites,16the Arvadites, the Zemarites and the Hamathites.) have precedence.
5The sons of Japheth [were] Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras. 6The sons of Gomer [were] Ashkenaz, Diphath, and Togarmah. 7The sons of Javan [were] Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim and Rodanim.
8The sons of Ham [were] Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. 9The sons of Cush [were] Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raama and Sabteca; and the sons of Raamah [were] Sheba and Dedan. 10Cush became the father of Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one in the earth. 11Mizraim became the father of the people of Lud, Anam, Lehab, Naphtuh, 12Pathrus, Casluh, from which the Philistines came, and Caphtor. 13Canaan became the father of Sidon, his firstborn, Heth, 14and the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, 15the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, 16the Arvadites, the Zemarites and the Hamathites.
17The sons of Shem [were] Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, Aram, Uz, Hul, Gether and Meshech. 18Arpachshad became the father of Shelah and Shelah became the father of Eber. 19Two sons were born to Eber, the name of the one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided, and his brother’s name was Joktan. 20Joktan became the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 21Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 22Ebal, Abimael, Sheba, 23Ophir, Havilah and Jobab; all these [were] the sons of Joktan.
In verse 1919Two sons were born to Eber, the name of the one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided, and his brother’s name was Joktan., to the name Peleg is added that he has this name, because “in his days the earth was divided”. Peleg means ‘divided’. His name refers to the confusion of speech that God causes between people as a judgment of the pride to penetrate into heaven (Gen 11:1-91Now the whole earth used the same language and the same words.2It came about as they journeyed east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there.3They said to one another, “Come, let us make bricks and burn [them] thoroughly.” And they used brick for stone, and they used tar for mortar.4They said, “Come, let us build for ourselves a city, and a tower whose top [will reach] into heaven, and let us make for ourselves a name, otherwise we will be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth.”5The LORD came down to see the city and the tower which the sons of men had built.6The LORD said, “Behold, they are one people, and they all have the same language. And this is what they began to do, and now nothing which they purpose to do will be impossible for them.7Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, so that they will not understand one another’s speech.”8So the LORD scattered them abroad from there over the face of the whole earth; and they stopped building the city.9Therefore its name was called Babel, because there the LORD confused the language of the whole earth; and from there the LORD scattered them abroad over the face of the whole earth.).
24Shem, Arpachshad, Shelah, 25Eber, Peleg, Reu, 26Serug, Nahor, Terah, 27Abram, that is Abraham.
From Shem to Abraham we have, just like from Adam to Enoch (verses 1-41Adam, Seth, Enosh,2Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared,3Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech,4Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth.), ten ancestors. Shem and Abraham both recall the special relationship God has with His people. Shem is the example of the special connections of the LORD with a special part of mankind, the Shemites. Noah speaks of “the LORD, the God of Shem” (Gen 9:2626He also said,
“Blessed be the LORD,
The God of Shem;
And let Canaan be his servant.
). In Abraham we see the Divine election (Gen 12:22And I will make you a great nation,
And I will bless you,
And make your name great;
And so you shall be a blessing;
; 17:77I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your descendants after you.). The reason for the change of name from Abram to Abraham (verse 2727Abram, that is Abraham.) is given in Genesis 17 (Gen 17:55“No longer shall your name be called Abram,
But your name shall be Abraham;
For I have made you the father of a multitude of nations.
28The sons of Abraham [were] Isaac and Ishmael. 29These are their genealogies: the firstborn of Ishmael [was] Nebaioth, then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 30Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema, 31Jetur, Naphish and Kedemah; these [were] the sons of Ishmael. 32The sons of Keturah, Abraham’s concubine, [whom] she bore, [were] Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak and Shuah. And the sons of Jokshan [were] Sheba and Dedan. 33The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida and Eldaah. All these were the sons of Keturah.
We find in the various listings in this chapter the principle “the spiritual is not first, but the natural; then the spiritual” (1Cor 15:4646However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural; then the spiritual.). We see that in verse 2929These are their genealogies: the firstborn of Ishmael [was] Nebaioth, then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,. While in verse 2828The sons of Abraham [were] Isaac and Ishmael. of Abraham’s sons Isaac and then Ishmael are mentioned first, in the next verse the genealogy of Ishmael is mentioned first. Also with the sons of Isaac we see that first the genealogy of Esau is mentioned (verses 34-3534Abraham became the father of Isaac. The sons of Isaac [were] Esau and Israel.35The sons of Esau [were] Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam and Korah.).
Of the sons of Keturah (verse 3333The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida and Eldaah. All these were the sons of Keturah.), Midian is known as an enemy of Israel. He has regularly asserted himself (Jdg 6:1-61Then the sons of Israel did what was evil in the sight of the LORD; and the LORD gave them into the hands of Midian seven years.2The power of Midian prevailed against Israel. Because of Midian the sons of Israel made for themselves the dens which were in the mountains and the caves and the strongholds.3For it was when Israel had sown, that the Midianites would come up with the Amalekites and the sons of the east and go against them.4So they would camp against them and destroy the produce of the earth as far as Gaza, and leave no sustenance in Israel as well as no sheep, ox, or donkey.5For they would come up with their livestock and their tents, they would come in like locusts for number, both they and their camels were innumerable; and they came into the land to devastate it.6So Israel was brought very low because of Midian, and the sons of Israel cried to the LORD.). Midian’s five sons are also mentioned (verse 3333The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida and Eldaah. All these were the sons of Keturah.), which is perhaps an indication of the versatility of his opposition.
34Abraham became the father of Isaac. The sons of Isaac [were] Esau and Israel. 35The sons of Esau [were] Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam and Korah. 36The sons of Eliphaz [were] Teman, Omar, Zephi, Gatam, Kenaz, Timna and Amalek. 37The sons of Reuel [were] Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. 38The sons of Seir [were] Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer and Dishan. 39The sons of Lotan [were] Hori and Homam; and Lotan’s sister [was] Timna. 40The sons of Shobal [were] Alian, Manahath, Ebal, Shephi and Onam. And the sons of Zibeon [were] Aiah and Anah. 41The son of Anah [was] Dishon. And the sons of Dishon [were] Hamran, Eshban, Ithran and Cheran. 42The sons of Ezer [were] Bilhan, Zaavan and Jaakan. The sons of Dishan [were] Uz and Aran.
Uz (verse 4242The sons of Ezer [were] Bilhan, Zaavan and Jaakan. The sons of Dishan [were] Uz and Aran.) is the name of the place where Job lived (Job 1:11There was a man in the land of Uz whose name was Job; and that man was blameless, upright, fearing God and turning away from evil.). From this it can be deduced that Job may be an early descendant of Esau (cf. Lam 4:21a21Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom,
Who dwells in the land of Uz;
[But] the cup will come around to you as well,
You will become drunk and make yourself naked.
). Similarly, it is not unlikely that Eliphaz, the son of Esau, the father of Teman (verses 35-3635The sons of Esau [were] Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam and Korah.36The sons of Eliphaz [were] Teman, Omar, Zephi, Gatam, Kenaz, Timna and Amalek.), is an ancestor of Jobs friend Eliphaz, the Temanite (Job 2:1111Now when Job’s three friends heard of all this adversity that had come upon him, they came each one from his own place, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite; and they made an appointment together to come to sympathize with him and comfort him.).
43Now these are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king of the sons of Israel reigned. Bela was the son of Beor, and the name of his city was Dinhabah. 44When Bela died, Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah became king in his place. 45When Jobab died, Husham of the land of the Temanites became king in his place. 46When Husham died, Hadad the son of Bedad, who defeated Midian in the field of Moab, became king in his place; and the name of his city [was] Avith. 47When Hadad died, Samlah of Masrekah became king in his place. 48When Samlah died, Shaul of Rehoboth by the River became king in his place. 49When Shaul died, Baal-hanan the son of Achbor became king in his place. 50When Baal-hanan died, Hadad became king in his place; and the name of his city was Pai, and his wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab.
Kings reigned over Edom before a king reigned over Israel (verse 4343Now these are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king of the sons of Israel reigned. Bela was the son of Beor, and the name of his city was Dinhabah.). This shows that until God’s choice of a king in David is revealed, nations go their own way and organize their own reign, independent of God.
From the fact that nowhere in this list of kings is it mentioned that someone becomes king instead of his father, it has been concluded that they were chosen for the kingship. The seated ruler reigned until his death.
51Then Hadad died. Now the chiefs of Edom were: chief Timna, chief Aliah, chief Jetheth, 52chief Oholibamah, chief Elah, chief Pinon, 53chief Kenaz, chief Teman, chief Mibzar, 54chief Magdiel, chief Iram. These [were] the chiefs of Edom.